Anogenital warts (condylomas) are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) with >90% of the lesions caused by genotypes 6 & 11.
Patients who present with visible warts may also be infected with high-risk HPVs (eg types 16 & 18) which can cause subclinical lesions that are associated with intraepithelial neoplasia, cervical cancer and anogenital cancer.
Many HPV infections are subclinical, transient, and clear spontaneously within 12 months but may also remain latent and reactivate after several years.
Use of systemic antibiotics, in conjunction with performance of incision and drainage, in the management of paediatric acute skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI) appears to reduce Staphylococcus aureus colonization and the likelihood of infection recurrence, a prospective study has found.
Retreatment with ledipasvir and sofosbuvir with add-on ribavirin appears to be effective and well tolerated in genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients who have failed to respond to daclatasvir/asunaprevir combination therapy, according to a study.
Complicated and uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTIs) in adults and children should be managed by identifying and treating predisposing or underlying risk factors, with antimicrobial treatment, if needed, based on urine culture results and regional antibiotic resistance patterns, according to new guidelines of the Urological Association of Asia (UAA) and Asian Association of UTI and STD (AAUS).