Anogenital warts (condylomas) are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) with >90% of the lesions caused by genotypes 6 & 11.
Patients who present with visible warts may also be infected with high-risk HPVs (eg types 16 & 18) which can cause subclinical lesions that are associated with intraepithelial neoplasia, cervical cancer and anogenital cancer.
Many HPV infections are subclinical, transient, and clear spontaneously within 12 months but may also remain latent and reactivate after several years.
In this issue of MIMS Anti-Infective Supplement, we bring you clinical updates related to combating infectious diseases, and also a symposium highlight in conjunction with the launch of ceftolozane/tazobactam (Zerbaxa; Merck Sharp & Dohme Sdn Bhd) in Malaysia.
Diclofenac reduces the use of antibiotics in women with uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection (UTI) but remains less effective than norfloxacin for symptom relief of UTI, according to a recent study. In addition, diclofenac appears to be associated with an elevated risk of pyelonephritis.