Deep vein thrombosis is a frequent manifestation of venous thromboembolism in which there is a blood clot blocking a deep vein.
Clinical findings are important to the diagnosis of deep vein thrombosis but are poor predictors of the presence or severity of thrombosis.
Pulmonary embolism is the blockage of the blood vessels in the lungs usually due to blood clots from the veins, especially veins in the legs and pelvis.
Dyspnea, pleuritic chest pain, syncope and tachypnea occur in most cases of pulmonary embolism.
Massive pulmonary embolism has the prime symptom of dyspnea and systemic arterial hypotension, that requires pressor support, is the predominant sign.
Patients with cancer who develop venous thromboembolism (VTE) could reduce their risk of VTE recurrence with the direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) apixaban, which demonstrated noninferiority to subcutaneous dalteparin in the Caravaggio* trial.
Rivaroxaban reduced venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk without increasing bleeding compared with enoxaparin in patients who underwent lower limb nonmajor orthopaedic surgery, the PRONOMOS* trial showed.
In acutely ill medical patients, asymptomatic proximal deep-vein thrombosis (ASxDVT), as assessed via compression ultrasonography, is associated with an elevated risk of all-cause mortality, according to a post hoc analysis of the MAGELLAN* trial presented at ASH 2019.
Patients with acute, low-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) can be safely discharged within 2 days of hospitalization and treated with rivaroxaban out-of-hospital with a low incidence of recurrence, findings of the HoT-PE* study showed.
Apixaban slashes the risk of recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE) by 90 percent in cancer patients compared with the low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) dalteparin, with no increase in major bleeding risk, according to the ADAM VTE study presented at ASH 2018.
Tailored therapy duration with elastic compression stockings based on a patient’s signs and symptoms was noninferior to the standard therapy duration of 24 months in preventing post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS), according to the IDEAL-DVT* study.
In cancer patients with acute symptomatic or incidental venous thromboembolism, oral edoxaban is noninferior to subcutaneous dalteparin in terms of recurrent venous thromboembolism or major bleeding, according to a study.
Clearing blood clot by means of pharmacomechanical catheter-directed thrombolysis, ie, blood clot removal with specialized devices which also deliver fibrinolytic drug directly to the clot, in addition to standard of care with anticoagulation did not lower the risk of developing post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS) as previously believed, but instead, increased the risk of major bleeding in patients with acute proximal deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) compared with anticoagulation alone, according to the ATTRACT* trial.