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VARICELLA-ZOSTER VIRUS INFECTION
Varicella, also known as chickenpox, is a self-limited benign disease caused by primary varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection characterized by fever, malaise, and generalized pruritic vesicular rash.
The average incubation period is 14-16 days. It is transmitted via direct contact with vesicular fluid or inhalation of aerosolized respiratory secretions or via droplet route during face-to-face contact.
Hallmark sign is pruritic rash that begins in the scalp and face which eventually spreads to the trunks and extremities.

Patient Education

  • Educate patient on the infectious nature of disease and its mode of transmission
  • Advise patient on the importance of early treatment and monitoring for signs and symptoms of possible complications
  • Avoid self-medicating with Aspirin which has been associated with Reye’s syndrome
  • Assure patients about the course of the disease and provide counseling when needed

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