varicella-zoster%20virus%20infection%20(pediatric)
VARICELLA-ZOSTER VIRUS INFECTION (PEDIATRIC)
Varicella, also known as chickenpox, is a self-limited, benign disease caused by primary varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection characterized by fever, malaise, and generalized pruritic vesicular rash.
The average incubation period is 14-16 days. It is transmitted via direct contact with vesicular fluid or inhalation of aerosolized respiratory secretions or via droplet route during face to face contact.
Hallmark sign is pruritic rash that begins in the scalp and face which eventually spreads to the trunks and extremities.

Varicella-zoster%20virus%20infection%20(pediatric) Patient Education

Patient Education

  • Educate patient on the infectious nature of the disease and its mode of transmission
  • Advise patient on the importance of monitoring for signs and symptoms of possible complications
  • Avoid self-medicating with Aspirin which has been associated with Reye’s syndrome
  • Assure patients about the course of the disease and provide counseling when needed

Skin/Wound Care

  • Keep skin lesions dry and clean to prevent bacterial superinfection
    • Shower at least twice per day with soap and water
  • Nails should always be trimmed short and kept clean
  • Avoid peeling lesion crust and let it slough off naturally
  • Soft or liquid diet may be preferred for patients with lesions near the mouth
  • Sterile wet dressings may decrease discomfort from lesions
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