Trichomoniasis is caused by a flagellated protozoan, Trichomonas vaginalis. It is always sexually transmitted.
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of vaginitis, vaginal discharge or malodor. Its prevalence is similar in both pregnant and non-pregnant women.
Vulvovaginal candidiasis is caused by overgrowth of yeasts where 70-90% of cases are secondary to Candida albicans. It most commonly occurs when the vagina is exposed to estrogen (ie, reproductive years, pregnancy) and may be precipitated by antibiotic or corticosteroid use. Immunocompromised and diabetic women are also at risk.
A novel, investigational vaginal pH regulator (VPR) – a nonhormonal, water-based, petroleum-free contraceptive vaginal gel – improved genitourinary (GU) side effects and sexual satisfaction in women who are at risk of pregnancy but are not aiming to conceive, interim findings from the phase III AMPOWER* trial show.
A levonorgestrel (LNG)-releasing intrauterine device (IUD) maintains high contraceptive efficacy up to 6 years, which is beyond the 5-year period it is currently approved for, according to data from the Mirena Extension Trial (MET) released during the ACOG 2020 Meeting.