Trichomoniasis is caused by a flagellated protozoan, Trichomonas vaginalis. It is always sexually transmitted.
Bacterial vaginosis is the most common cause of vaginitis, vaginal discharge or malodor. Its prevalence is similar in both pregnant and non-pregnant women.
Vulvovaginal candidiasis is caused by overgrowth of yeasts where 70-90% of cases are secondary to Candida albicans. It most commonly occurs when the vagina is exposed to estrogen (ie, reproductive years, pregnancy) and may be precipitated by antibiotic or corticosteroid use. Immunocompromised and diabetic women are also at risk.
The nonhormonal contraceptive copper intrauterine device (IUD) carries an increased hazard of bacterial vaginosis that remains elevated through up to 18 months of use but returns to pre-initiation levels following discontinuation, a study has found.
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For individual with type 2 diabetes, losing weight is everything when it comes to improving the metabolic function, and it matters little whether this is achieved by dieting or undergoing bariatric surgery, according to a small study.
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), in the revascularization of left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease may lead to death, myocardial infarction (MI), or stroke in patients with moderate or severe left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, reveals a study.