In patients with renal cell carcinoma, mean platelet volume is a highly significant risk factor for recurrence and cancer-specific death, a recent study has found. This parameter enhances the accuracy of the Leibovich prognosis score to better predict long-term outcomes in localized renal cell carcinoma cases following curative surgical resection.
A measly 0.09 percent or one in 1,111 urological surgery patients are affected by postoperative opioid dependence or overdose, according to a recent study. The risk factors for opioid dependence or overdose include younger age, inpatient surgery and increasing hospitalization duration, baseline depression, tobacco use and chronic pulmonary disease, as well as insurance provider, including Medicaid, Medicare (age <65 years) and noninsured status.
The 5-year survival rates for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers vary greatly according to age and race, with Caucasians and younger patients tending to have better survival, according to a recent US study.
A recent study reveals a 3.9-percent prevalence of renal damage among patients enrolled early with congenital solitary functioning kidney with a prenatal diagnosis, excluding those with neonatal onset of renal damage. Furthermore, the major predictor among congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract is congenital solitary functioning kidney.
Treatment with fesoterodine shows efficacy in patients with nocturnal urgency secondary to overactive bladder syndrome and low nocturnal bladder capacity with a mismatch between nocturnal urine production and bladder capacity, reports a recent study.
Nutritional optimization before surgery is associated with shorter length of hospital stay following cystectomy, a recent study has found. However, diminishing returns occur for preoperative serum albumin levels above a threshold of 4 gm/dl.
Increasing daily water intake by 1.5 L can half the risk of recurrent acute uncomplicated cystitis (rAUC) in women, suggests a study presented at the recent Infectious Disease Week (IDWeek) in San Diego, California, US.
Patients who underwent intrafascial nerve-sparing radical prostatectomy (NSRP) had better functional (ie, urinary continence and erectile function) and oncologic outcomes (ie, cancer control) compared with those who had interfascial NSRP, according to a meta-analysis.
Physiotherapy and behaviour therapy appear to be effective interventions in females with overactive bladder syndrome, with those who have had no previous exposure to the treatments benefitting from post-therapy effects, a recent study has shown.