Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a global prevalence of 7–12 percent, with a mortality risk that has increased over the past 25 years – ranking 25th in 1990 to 17th in 2015. While there is no sufficient data reflecting the incidence of CKD in South East Asia (SEA), in Singapore, 2.3 percent of adults aged 18–69 years have been found to have renal impairment (estimated glomerular filtration rate [eGFR] of <60 mL/min/1.73m2).
According to the Singapore National Registry of Diseases Office (NRDO), prostate cancer is the third most common cancer and the sixth most common cause of cancer-related deaths affecting men in Singapore. Dr Daniel Tan, radiation oncologist and medical director of Asian American Radiation Oncology at Gleneagles Hospital, Singapore, speaks to Roshini Claire Anthony on the importance of early detection of prostate cancer and the challenges associated with diagnosing and treating this condition.
The prevalence of benign prostate hypertrophy (BPH) increases with age and is more common in men aged 50 years and above. Dr Ronny Tan, consultant urologist and director of andrology at Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore, speaks on how GPs can best manage this condition.
The types of bariatric surgery differentially affect the risk of developing acute pancreatitis postoperatively, such that the risk is greater in patients who undergo vertical sleeve gastrectomy vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, according to a study. Risk factors include younger age and presence of gallstones.
An adjuvant trastuzumab treatment course shortened to 9 weeks has failed to demonstrate noninferiority to the standard 1-year course in terms of disease-free survival in breast cancer patients, although the shortened course confers benefits for the risk of severe cardiac toxicity, according to the results of the phase III randomized Short-HER study.