Pregnant women with urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria may be at increased risk of developing pyelonephritis, according to a single-centre, retrospective study presented at SMFM 2020.
Increasing vegetable consumption did not significantly reduce the risk of prostate cancer progression in men with early-stage disease on active surveillance, the MEAL* trial shows, which contradicts clinical guidelines recommending a vegetable-rich diet in this patient setting.
The combination of piperacillin plus tazobactam performs well in the management of nonbacteraemic pyelonephritis caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms, with rates of symptom resolution and 30-day mortality similar to that achieved with carbapenem, as shown in a recent study.
Adherence to a low-fat diet is associated with lower serum testosterone levels among men even when controlling for comorbidities, age, body mass index (BMI) and activity levels, according to a US study.
The addition of the oral phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor pentoxifylline to sildenafil failed to show benefit in men with erectile dysfunction (ED) with suboptimal response to sildenafil, a Singapore study shows.
A novel low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) holds therapeutic potential in patients with mild-to-moderate erectile dysfunction (ED), restoring erectile function without deleterious consequences—a benefit attributed to the mechanical force of the device that can reverse the pathological changes in the corpus cavernosum, as shown in a recent study.
Dr Dariusz P. Olszyna, a senior consultant at the Division of Infectious Diseases, National University Hospital, Singapore, speaks to Roshini Claire Anthony on the importance of early detection to prevent the spread and complications related to sexually-transmitted infections (STIs).
Eight new endoscopic surgical methods for benign prostatic hyperplasia appear to be better than monopolar transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) in terms of safety, according to a study. Among these treatments, enucleation methods achieve better maximal flow rate (Qmax) and international prostate symptoms score (IPSS) than vaporization and resection methods.
Immobilization or disuse of the forearm leads to impairment in the ability of a protein-rich meal to promote positive muscle amino acid balance, which is aggravated by dietary lipid oversupply, suggests a study. Disuse also lowers postprandial forearm amino acid uptake, but this is not exacerbated under high-fat conditions.
Increased coffee consumption among regular drinkers is associated with higher estimated glomerular filtration rate and confers protection against the risk of chronic kidney disease stages G3–G5 and albuminuria, as shown in a study.
Excess weight, greater abdominal fat, inflammation and low physical performance can all contribute to insulin resistance in middle-age Singaporean women, and these variables explain why the condition is more common among women of Chinese than Malay and Indian ethnicities, a study has found.