Insulin therapy and stone composition are significantly associated with kidney stone recurrence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), while HbA1c and urine pH are modifiable factors, suggests a recent study.
Resection techniques appear to be significantly associated with surgical complications, early functional outcomes and positive surgical margins after partial nephrectomy of localized renal masses, suggests a recent study.
An inpatient rehabilitation “voiding school” programme is beneficial to children with refractory overactive bladder (OAB), promoting continence and ameliorating the degree of severity, a study reports.
Robot-assisted radical cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion results in better perioperative outcomes and lower major complications compared to extracorporeal urinary diversion and open radical cystectomy in patients with bladder cancer, a study has shown.
Most children treated with discordant antibiotics for third-generation cephalosporin-resistant urinary tract infections (UTIs) may experience initial clinical improvement, with only a few requiring escalation of care, according to a study. This highlights the aptness of using current narrow-spectrum empiric therapy regimens while awaiting final urine culture results.
An association exists between the development of metabolic acidosis following ileal neobladder construction and continuous improvement of urinary continence in the early recovery period, reveals a recent study.
The use of capsule endoscopy (CE) appears to be effective in the diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA), yielding a 33.9-percent yield in this study, with 65.8 percent of patients undergoing further workup and 12.7 percent requiring therapeutic intervention.
Eating behaviours have been shown to moderate the relationship between cumulated risk factors in the first 1,000 days and adiposity outcomes at 6 years of age, which underscores modifiable behavioural targets for interventions, reports a study.
Use of noninvasive ventilation (NIV), similar to invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV), appears to lessen mortality but may increase the risk for transmission of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in healthcare workers, suggest the results of a study.