Frequent nocturnal urination and subjective sleep estimates are associated with abnormalities in circadian blood pressure (BP), which have been seen to be predictors of cardiovascular disease, suggests a recent study.
Male patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) appear to use erectile dysfunction medications more frequently than those without the disease, with the association persisting regardless of a history of IBD surgery, according to a study.
Rather than the presence or type or urinary incontinence, increasing severity of urinary incontinence correlates with increased depression, anxiety and stress among treatment-seeking women with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), suggests a study.
Selective bladder denervation provides a minimally invasive treatment option for female patients with refractory overactive bladder (OAB), with data from two prospective feasibility studies showing that the intervention improves symptoms over 6 months of follow-up.
Use of multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) significantly lowers the number of unnecessary repeat prostate biopsies in about 50 percent of cases in which a Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS) score of ≥3 is used, a recent study has shown.
A week of preoperative oral antibiotics prior to percutaneous nephrolithotomy does not appear to confer any benefit in patients at low risk for infectious complications, suggests a recent study. Perioperative antibiotics according to the American Urological Association (AUA) Best Practice Statement is deemed sufficient.
Among infertile couples, currently active major depression (MD) in the male but not the female partner appears to exert a negative effect on non-in vitro fertilization treatment outcomes, a study has found. However, maternal use of antidepressants may increase the risk of first-trimester pregnancy loss, depending on the type of drug.
The types of bariatric surgery differentially affect the risk of developing acute pancreatitis postoperatively, such that the risk is greater in patients who undergo vertical sleeve gastrectomy vs Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, according to a study. Risk factors include younger age and presence of gallstones.
An adjuvant trastuzumab treatment course shortened to 9 weeks has failed to demonstrate noninferiority to the standard 1-year course in terms of disease-free survival in breast cancer patients, although the shortened course confers benefits for the risk of severe cardiac toxicity, according to the results of the phase III randomized Short-HER study.