Complicated urinary tract infection (UTI) is associated
with a condition [eg structural or functional abnormalities of the genitourinary tract (GUT)] or the presence of an underlying disease that interferes with host defense mechanisms, which increases the risks of acquiring infection, failing therapy or having recurrent infections. The successful treatment of a complicated UTI considers effective antimicrobial therapy, optimal management of the underlying abnormalities or other diseases and adequate life-supporting measures.
Local oestrogen preparations may safely and effectively reduce the number of recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs) in with genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM), delivering symptomatic relief and hence improving quality of life, according to a review.
Pregnant women with urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria may be at increased risk of developing pyelonephritis, according to a single-centre, retrospective study presented at SMFM 2020.
Acute diarrhoea is the second leading cause of deathin children aged younger than 5 years, accounting forapproximately 1.9 million deaths worldwide each year;however, diarrhoea is a preventable and treatable condition.In Malaysia, acute gastroenteritis accounts for about 1.3%of all deaths in children aged younger than 5 years annually.Diarrhoea is defined as the passage of three or more looseor watery stools within 24 hours, and it may be clinicallycategorised as either acute watery diarrhoea (AWD), acutebloody diarrhoea, persistent diarrhoea or diarrhoea withsevere malnutrition.