Urinary tract infection (UTI) is complicated if the UTI is associated
with factors that increases colonization and decreases therapy
efficacy. Factors may include one or all of the following: Structural or
functional abnormalities of the genitourinary tract; presence of an
underlying disease that interferes with host defense mechanisms or the
patient being immunocompromised; and being infected by a multi-drug
Principles of therapy includes effective antimicrobial antimicrobial therapy, optimal management of the underlying
abnormalities or other diseases & adequate life-supporting measures.
Use of metformin during the first trimester of pregnancy showed no significant maternal or foetal adverse outcomes in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), according to a study presented at IDF 2017.
Estrogen receptor α (ESR1) mutations Y537S and D538G are associated with reduced overall survival (OS) in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative metastatic breast cancer, according to findings of a secondary analysis of the BOLERO-2* clinical trial.