Acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections in adults that may involve the lower or upper urinary tract or both.
Acute uncomplicated cystitis is an infection limited to the lower urinary tract while acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis is an infection that involves the upper urinary tract (renal parenchyma and pelvicaliceal system) that usually has significant bacteriuria.
Recurrent UTI is characterized by ≥2 culture-proven episodes of uncomplicated and/or complicated UTI in the last 6 months or ≥3 episodes with positive cultures in the last 12 months in patients with no urinary tract structural or functional abnormalities.
A novel hand-powered spinning device, which employs the principles of centrifugal force and a fidget spinner toy, can perform on-site detection of urinary tract infection (UTI) in about 50 minutes and may prove useful in low-resource settings, as reported in a study.
Pregnant women with urinary tract infections (UTIs) caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria may be at increased risk of developing pyelonephritis, according to a single-centre, retrospective study presented at SMFM 2020.
A 3-day course of pivmecillinam to treat uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection (UTI) yielded similar outcomes as a 5-day course, suggesting that 3-day treatment may be sufficient, according to a study from Denmark.
Infection could be a risk factor for stroke, with the risk for ischaemic stroke particularly high among individuals who had a urinary tract infection (UTI) 7 days prior, according to a recently published report.
Catching any type of infection, including those that affect the urinary and respiratory tracts and sepsis, could increase the chances of having subsequent acute ischaemic stroke, according to a recent study.
The four-valent ExPEC4V vaccine which contains O-antigens from the Escherichia coli (E. coli) serotypes O1A, O2, O6A, and O25B was well tolerated and immunogenic against extra-intestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC) infections, according to the phase II US-based ESTELLA trial.
Many patients prescribed antibiotics for suspected urinary tract infection (UTI) in the emergency department (ED) may not actually require them, according to a single-centre study from the UK presented at ECCMID 2019.
Despite a potentially lower risk of treatment failure, prescribing ciprofloxacin or cefalexin for elderly adults presenting with a urinary tract infection (UTI) at a primary care facility may not reduce their risk of sepsis-related hospitalizations, a recent study from the UK showed.
Older patients with recurrent urinary tract infections (rUTIs) tend to be more frail than their peers who have nononcologic urologic diagnoses, according to a study. Of note, rUTIs are significantly associated with frailty but not age.
Monthly injections of the PCSK9* monoclonal antibody evolocumab effectively reduced plasma LDL-cholesterol (LDL-C), often referred to as the bad cholesterol, in teenagers with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia (HeFH) already taking statins, with or without ezetimibe, the HAUSER-RCT has shown.
For individuals with type 2 diabetes, losing weight is everything when it comes to improving the metabolic function, and it matters little whether this is achieved by dieting or undergoing bariatric surgery, according to a small study.