Acute uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections in adults that may involve the lower or upper urinary tract or both.
Acute uncomplicated cystitis is an infection limited to the lower urinary tract while acute uncomplicated pyelonephritis is an infection that involves the upper urinary tract (renal parenchyma and pelvicaliceal system) that usually has significant bacteriuria.
Recurrent UTI is characterized by ≥2 culture-proven episodes of uncomplicated and/or complicated UTI in the last 6 months or ≥3 episodes with positive cultures in the last 12 months in patients with no urinary tract structural or functional abnormalities.
Influenza or influenza-like illness (ILI) is defined as an acute respiratory infectionwith measured fever ≥38°C and cough with an onset within the last 10 days.1 In aninterview with Dr Gogillan Sevaratnam, an occupational health physician from theOccupational Safety and Health Unit, Hospital Kuala Lumpur (HKL), he spoke onthe importance of vaccination in the prevention of influenza, and how healthcareworkers (HCWs) are a priority target group for vaccination.
A large retrospective study from the US, presented at IDWeek 2021, has shown that the Abbott ID NOW rapid molecular COVID-19 assay is highly sensitive and specific at detecting SARS-CoV-2 infection in a paediatric population.