Urinary tract infection (UTI) is complicated if the UTI is associated
with factors that increases colonization and decreases therapy
efficacy. Factors may include one or all of the following: Structural or
functional abnormalities of the genitourinary tract; presence of an
underlying disease that interferes with host defense mechanisms or the
patient being immunocompromised; and being infected by a multi-drug
Principles of therapy includes effective antimicrobial antimicrobial therapy, optimal management of the underlying
abnormalities or other diseases & adequate life-supporting measures.
Two kinds of oral bacteria were associated with an increased risk of pancreatic cancer, according to research presented at the 2016 meeting of the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR), held recently in New Orleans, Louisiana, US.
Probiotics have a long history of use in humans. Defined as "live organisms that confer a health benefit on the host when administered in adequate amounts", the spectrum of use of probiotics in humans ranges from foods and dietary supplements to pharmaceutical/nutraceutical products to affect general health and disease. While the genera Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium are the two most common probiotics associated with consumer products, there exist other organisms (eg, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, some non-pathogenic strains of Escherichia coliand Bacillus species) that are used as probiotics.1–3 One of them is the probiotic strain B. clausii that has been found to be effective for the treatment of diarrhoea and antibiotic-associated gastrointestinal side effects.4–6
Patients with fluoroquinolone-resistant rectal vault flora appear to have higher odds of developing infectious complications following transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate needle biopsy despite targeted prophylaxis, a study has found.