urinary%20tract%20infection%20(pediatric)
URINARY TRACT INFECTION (PEDIATRIC)
Nonspecific urinary tract infection symptoms in infants <3 months are fever, feeding difficulties, vomiting, lethargy, irritability and failure to thrive.
Toddlers and preschoolers have unusual odor of urine, abdominal or flank pain, frequency, dysuria, and urgency.
School-age children have the classical symptoms of fever, frequency, urgency and dysuria.
Consider UTI in all seriously ill children even when there is evidence of infection outside the urinary tract.
  1. Alper BS, Curry SH. Urinary tract infection in children. Am Fam Physician. 2005 Dec;72(12):2483-2488. PMID: 16370404
  2. UTI Guideline Team, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. Evidence-based care guideline for medical management of first urinary tract infection in children 12 years of age or less. Guideline 7. 2006 Nov:1-23
  3. Zorc JJ, Kiddoo DA, Shaw KN. Diagnosis and management of pediatric urinary tract infections. Clin Microbiol Rev. 2005 Apr;18(2):417-422. PMID: 15831830
  4. Bauer R, Kogan BA. New developments in the diagnosis & management of pediatric UTIs. Urol Clin North Am. 2008 Feb;35(1):47-58. PMID: 18061023
  5. Chang SL, Shortliffe LD. Pediatric urinary tract infections. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2006 Jun;53(3):379-400. PMID: 16716786
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  7. MedWormhttp://www.medworm.com/rss/index.php/Pediatrics/33/http://www.medworm.com/rss/medicalfeeds/specialities/Pediatrics.xml
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  9. National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health commissioned by the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. Urinary tract infection in children: diagnosis, treatment and long-term management. http://www.scribd.com/doc/138483508/Urinary-tract-infection-in-children-National-Collaborating-Centre-for-Women%E2%80%99s-and-Children%E2%80%99s-Health. Aug 2007.
  10. Child Health Network. Management of urinary tract infections in children practice guideline. http://www.childhealthnetwork.com/chn/pdfsGuidelines%20 &%20Transfer%20Protocols%20%20%20Management%20of%20Urinary%20Tract%20Infections%20in%20Children%20%20June%202002.pdf
  11. Newman TB. The new American Academy of Pediatrics urinary tract infection guideline. Pediatrics. 2011 Sep;128(3):572-575. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/128/3/572.full.pdf. PMID: 21873698
  12. Subcommittee on Urinary Tract Infection, Steering Committee on Quality Improvement and Management, Roberts KB. Urinary tract infection: clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis and management of the initial UTI in febrile infants and children 2 to 24 months. Pediatrics. 2011 Sep;128(3):595-610. http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/128/3/595.full.pdf. PMID: 21873693
  13. Roberts KB. Revised AAP guideline on UTI in febrile infants and young children. Am Fam Physician. 2012 Nov;86(10):940-946. http://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/p940.pdf. PMID: 23157147
  14. Robinson JL, Finlay JC, Lang ME, Bortolussi R; Canadian Paediatric Society, Community Paediatrics Committee, Infectious Diseases and Immunization Committee. Urinary tract infection in infants and children: diagnosis and management. Paediatr Child Health. 2014 Jun;19(6):315-319. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4173959/pdf/pch-19-315.pdf. PMID: 25332662
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