Nonspecific urinary tract infection symptoms in infants <3 months are fever, feeding difficulties, vomiting, lethargy, irritability and failure to thrive.
Toddlers and preschoolers have unusual odor of urine, abdominal or flank pain, frequency, dysuria, and urgency.
School-age children have the classical symptoms of fever, frequency, urgency and dysuria.
Consider UTI in all seriously ill children even when there is evidence of infection outside the urinary tract.
Urinary tract infection (UTI) appears to occur infrequently in patients with urinary tract dilatation, suggesting that routine continuous antibiotic prophylaxis may be avoided in this population, a study has found.
Parenteral antibiotic therapy duration for bacteraemic urinary tract infection (UTI) in young infants may be safely shortened, according to a recent study showing that recurrence and readmission or emergency department revisitation rates are comparable between a ≤7-day and a longer therapy course.
A phase II randomized, controlled trial has recently reaffirmed the safety profile of ceftazidime–avibactam in children with complicated urinary tract infection (cUTI), which is consistent with that of adults and of ceftazidime monotherapy.
Patients at risk of urinary tract infections (UTIs) are also highly likely to experience excessive weight gain, with risk factors including persistent reflux, younger age and Hispanic/Latino ethnicity, according to a secondary analysis of two prospective studies.
Treatment with antibiotic results in significant reduction in voiding cystourethrogram-associated urinary tract infection (UTI), especially in children with abnormal ultrasound scans, a study has found.
The presence of Escherichia coli and normal renal ultrasound findings may allow safe avoidance of voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), an invasive procedure associated with significant radiation exposure, in infants aged 0 to 3 months with a first febrile urinary tract infection (UTI), according to a recent study.
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