urinary%20incontinence
URINARY INCONTINENCE
Urinary incontinence is the complaint of involuntary urine leakage.
Stress urinary incontinence is the involuntary urine leakage on effort or exertion or when coughing or sneezing.
Urge urinary incontinence is the one associated with or immediately preceded by urgency.
Mixed urinary incontinence is the involuntary urine leakage associated with both urgency and with exertion, effort, coughing or sneezing.
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  6. Payne CK. Conservative management of urinary incontinence: behavioral & pelvic floor therapy, urethral & pelvic devices. In: Wein AJ, Kavoussi LR, Novick AC, et al. Campbell Walsh Urology. 10th. Washington, DC: Saunders, Elsevier; 2011.
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  10. Thuroff J, Abrams P, Andersson KE, et al. European Association of Urology. Guidelines on urinary incontinence. http://www.uroweb.org. Mar 2005.
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  12. DuBeau CE. Clinical presentation and diagnosis of urinary incontinence. UpToDate. http://www.uptodate.com. Oct 2010. Accessed 05 Aug 2011.
  13. Abrams P, Cardoza L, Khoury, et al. International Continence Society. Incontinence Vol 1: basics and evaluation. http://www.icsoffice.org. 2005.
  14. Abrams P, Cardoza L, Khoury, et al. International Continence Society. Incontinence Vol 2: management. http://www.icsoffice.org. 2005.
  15. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network. Management of urinary incontinence in primary care: a national clinical guideline. SIGN. http://www.sign.ac.uk. Dec 2004.
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  19. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Urinary incontinence. The management of urinary incontinence in women. Quick reference guide. NICE clinical guideline 40. NICE. http://www.nice.org.uk. Oct 2006.
  20. Lucas MG, Bosch RJ, Burkhard FC, et al; European Association of Urology. EAU guidelines on surgical treatment of urinary incontinence. Eur Urol. 2012 Dec;62(6):1118-1129. doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2012.09.023. Accessed 03 Feb 2014. PMID: 23040204
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