Urinary incontinence is the complaint of involuntary urine leakage.
Stress urinary incontinence is the involuntary urine leakage on effort or exertion or when coughing or sneezing.
Urge urinary incontinence is the one associated with or immediately preceded by urgency.
Mixed urinary incontinence is the involuntary urine leakage associated with both urgency and with exertion, effort, coughing or sneezing.
Although both faecal and urinary incontinence predict lower health-related quality of life (QoL) in adults with spina bifida, each type is independent and affects QoL differently, a recent study has found. For instance, health-related QoL is lower with an increasing amount of urinary incontinence, but the impact of faecal incontinence on health-related QoL is more uniform regardless of frequency or amount.
Placement of an autologous urethral sling at robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy shows no benefit on early return of urinary continence at 6 months, a recent study has found. Moreover, continence is associated with patient age in adjusted models rather than sling placement.