Urinary incontinence is the complaint of involuntary urine leakage.
Stress urinary incontinence is the involuntary urine leakage on effort or exertion or when coughing or sneezing.
Urge urinary incontinence is the one associated with or immediately preceded by urgency.
Mixed urinary incontinence is the involuntary urine leakage associated with both urgency and with exertion, effort, coughing or sneezing.
Sodium-glucose transport protein 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors exert a putative epigenetic regulation of the protecting cardiovascular effect, reports a study, adding that dapagliflozin may protect the kidneys by preserving renal vasodilating capacity.
The Malaysian Endocrine and Metabolic Society (MEMS) and Malaysian Diabetes Educators Society (MDES) jointly launched the For Your Sweetheart campaign—a nationwide endeavour to increase public awareness and to educate Malaysians about diabetes-related heart disease.