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URINARY INCONTINENCE IN WOMEN
Urinary incontinence is the complaint of involuntary urine leakage.
Stress urinary incontinence is the involuntary urine leakage on effort or exertion or when coughing or sneezing.
Urge urinary incontinence is the one associated with or immediately preceded by urgency.
Mixed urinary incontinence is the involuntary urine leakage associated with both urgency and with exertion, effort, coughing or sneezing.

Definition

  • Urinary incontinence (UI) is defined as complaint of involuntary urine leakage

Risk Factors

  • Irreversible factors
    • Age, race, educational attainment, family history, childhood enuresis, multiparity, forceps delivery, hysterectomy, surgery for pelvic organ prolapse
  • Reversible factors
    • Body mass index (BMI) >30, smoking, high caffeine intake, participation in high-impact sports, diabetes, depression, central nervous system (CNS) disorders, recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI), constipation, drugs, pelvic organ prolapse, environmental barriers
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