Urinary incontinence is the complaint of involuntary urine leakage.
Stress urinary incontinence is the involuntary urine leakage on effort or exertion or when coughing or sneezing.
Urge urinary incontinence is the one associated with or immediately preceded by urgency.
Mixed urinary incontinence is the involuntary urine leakage associated
with both urgency and with exertion, effort, coughing or sneezing.
Women who undergo caesarean delivery are more likely to have a lower rate of urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse compared with those who undergo vaginal delivery, according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis. However, this finding should be weighed against the association with increased risks of fertility, future pregnancy and long-term childhood outcomes.
In obese women who undergo bariatric surgery, weight loss is associated with a significant improvement in pelvic floor disorders—including urinary incontinence (UI), pelvic organ prolapse and colorectal-anal complaints—as well as in sexual performance, a recent study suggests.
Electrical pudendal nerve stimulation (EPNS) may be a better treatment approach than transvaginal electrical stimulation (TES) for drug-refractory female idiopathic urgency urinary incontinence (UUI), a study suggests.
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