tuberculosis%20-%20pulmonary
TUBERCULOSIS - PULMONARY
Tuberculosis (TB) suspect is any one who has signs or symptoms suggestive of TB (eg >2 weeks productive cough).
Definite TB is considered in patients with culture or molecular line probe assay positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, or in patients with at least 1 sputum smear positive for acid-fast bacilli.
TB cases are also classified based on the disease anatomical site, bacteriological results (including drug resistance), previous treatment history and patient's HIV status.
Pulmonary TB is a case of TB that involves the lung parenchyma.
Miliary TB is considered as PTB since lung lesions are also seen.
TB in the pleural effusion, mediastinal and/or hilar lymph nodes with no evidence of abnormalities in the chest x-ray are considered extrapulmonary TB.
Patients presenting with both PTB and extrapulmonary TB are classified as a case of PTB.

Tuberculosis%20-%20pulmonary Signs and Symptoms

Introduction

  • Tuberculosis (TB) suspect is any one who has signs or symptoms suggestive of TB (eg ≥2 weeks productive cough and/or abnormal chest X-ray)
  • Definite TB is considered in patients with culture, molecular tests positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, or in patients with at least 1 sputum smear positive for acid-fast bacilli (AFB)
  • TB cases are also classified based on the disease anatomical site, bacteriological results (including drug resistance), previous treatment history, and patient’s human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status

Definition

  • Pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) is a case of TB that involves the lung parenchyma
    • Miliary TB is considered as PTB since lung lesions are also seen
    • TB in the pleural effusion, mediastinal and/or hilar lymph nodes with no evidence of abnormalities in the chest X-ray are considered extrapulmonary TB (EPTB)
    • Patients presenting with both PTB and extrapulmonary TB are classified as a case of PTB
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