Tics are sudden, rapid, non-rhytmic, repetitive, motor movements or vocalizations. The mean age of onset is approximately 5 years old.
Tourette's syndrome is the most common form of tic disorder.
There is a strong genetic component showing a 10- to 100-fold increase in the rates of tics and Tourette's syndrome among first-degree relatives of Tourette's syndrome patients.
Simple motor tics are restricted to a single or a few muscle groups and last less than a fraction of a second.
Complex motor tics involve larger muscle groups, usually last longer and appear purposeful and goal-directed.


Supportive Counseling

  • Attention to self-esteem, family issues, social coping & school adjustment may have ameliorative effects on anxiety & depression if present
    • May help decrease acute & chronic stress which can exacerbate tics
  • Encourage parents to build on child’s strengths

Possible Preventive Factors

  • Good sleep & personal hygiene
  • Informed & supportive school & home environment
  • Regular physical exercise
  • Encouragement of special talents (eg athletic skills, musical abilities, etc)
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