Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 29 May 2020

For coffee drinkers, drinking filtered coffee may be tied to a lower mortality risk, including cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related mortality, a study from Norway suggested.

4 days ago
Use of corticosteroid is not associated with improved outcomes in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients admitted to the hospital with acute exacerbation (AE), reveals a recent study. In addition, corticosteroids may even contribute to reduced overall survival following exacerbation.
Dr. Wong Soon Tee, 28 May 2020
Acne is a common skin problem seen in primary care. Dr Wong Soon Tee of Assurance Skin Clinic at Mt Elizabeth Novena Hospital, Singapore shares his insights with Pearl Toh on how to manage acne in the primary care setting.
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The perception that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) cause multiple serious adverse effects (AEs) is supported by many internists, who then recommend treatment cessation even in patients at high risk for upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), reveals a study.

Vitamin D supplementation may protect against COVID-19

06 May 2020

Vitamin D, which is known to protect against acute respiratory infections, is associated with a reduced risk of infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), suggests a recent study, which has yet to be peer-reviewed.

“[W]e found significant relationships between vitamin D levels and the number of COVID-19 cases and especially the mortality caused by this infection,” the authors said, noting that individuals with the most deficit in vitamin D were also the most vulnerable for COVID-19.

The mean levels of vitamin D for 20 European countries were identified along with data regarding the morbidity and mortality caused by COVID-19 in these areas.

A robust association was found between the mean vitamin D levels (average, 56.79 nmol/L; standard deviation [SD], 10.61) and the number of cases of COVID-19/1M population (average, 259.95; SD, 298.732; t, –3.03947; p=0.004274). The mean vitamin D levels also significantly correlated with the number of deaths caused by COVID-19/1M (average, 5.963936; SD, 15.13207; t, 12.29871; p<0.00001).

The ageing population had severely low levels of vitamin D, particularly in Spain (mean, 26 nmol/L), Italy (mean, 28 nmol/L) and Switzerland (23 nmol/L), the same countries with high number of COVID-19 cases in Europe. This group of elderly individuals was also the most at risk for COVID-19.

“We believe that we can advise vitamin D supplementation to protect against COVID–19 infection,” the authors said.

An earlier study found that vitamin D supplementation was safe and protective against acute respiratory tract infections, with patients who were severely vitamin D deficient experiencing the most benefit. [BMJ 2017;356:i6583]

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 29 May 2020

For coffee drinkers, drinking filtered coffee may be tied to a lower mortality risk, including cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related mortality, a study from Norway suggested.

4 days ago
Use of corticosteroid is not associated with improved outcomes in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) patients admitted to the hospital with acute exacerbation (AE), reveals a recent study. In addition, corticosteroids may even contribute to reduced overall survival following exacerbation.
Dr. Wong Soon Tee, 28 May 2020
Acne is a common skin problem seen in primary care. Dr Wong Soon Tee of Assurance Skin Clinic at Mt Elizabeth Novena Hospital, Singapore shares his insights with Pearl Toh on how to manage acne in the primary care setting.
27 May 2020
The perception that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) cause multiple serious adverse effects (AEs) is supported by many internists, who then recommend treatment cessation even in patients at high risk for upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB), reveals a study.