Most Read Articles
Vincent YT Cheung, 01 Dec 2015

Ultrasonography has been widely used as a routine component of antenatal care. During the assessment of the foetus and the placenta, an adnexal mass may be discovered at the time of the ultrasound examination. Occasionally, an adnexal mass can also be suspected either on physical examination or as a result of clinical symptoms.
5 days ago
Infants born through caesarean delivery appear to be at higher risk of food allergies, while those born very preterm have lower risks, a recent study has found.
04 Nov 2018
Home-based behavioural therapy, administered by parents with over-the-phone assistance with a therapist, effectively reduces complex motor stereotypies in children, a new study has found.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 15 Oct 2018
Infants treated with phototherapy are at increased risk of developing seizures in childhood, with the risk more pronounced in boys and independent of bilirubin levels, a study has found.

Three-month height predicts 2-year overweight, obesity in infants small for gestational age

13 Sep 2018

In infants that are small for gestational age (SGA), stunted height at 3 months appears to predict overweight and obesity at 2 years, a recent study has found.

Researchers enrolled 468 SGA infants (mean gestational age 39.49±0.98 weeks; 248 females), in whom the mean height and weight at 3 months were 60.69±1.88 cm and 6.39±0.65 kg, respectively. As a comparison group, 4,642 appropriate for gestational age infants (mean gestational age 39.28±1.06 weeks; 2,135 females) were also enrolled.

At 2 years, 432 of the 468 SGA infants (92.3 percent) demonstrated at least –2 standard deviation scores in height and were determined to have completed height catch up. At birth, infants in the catch-up and noncatch-up groups were comparable in length (49.28±1.80 vs 48.42±2.68 cm; p=0.058), but mean birth weight was significantly lower in the latter group (2.63±0.23 vs 2.45±0.27 kg; p<0.001).

Weight at 3 months became comparable between the two groups (noncatch-up vs catch-up: 6.17±0.91 vs 6.41±0.62 kg; p=0.073), while infants in the catch-up group grew significantly taller (61.10±1.71 vs 59.31±2.84 cm; p<0.001).

After 2 years, mean body mass index was statistically similar between groups (16.20 vs 16.25 kg/m2; p=0.496), but infants in the catch-up group were significantly heavier (12.56±0.68 vs 11.37±0.96 kg; p<0.001) and taller (87.97±1.36 vs 82.88±1.39 cm; p<0.001) than those in the noncatch-up group.

Multivariate logistic regression indicated that the height at 3 months was an independent predictor for catch-up growth at 2 years (odds ratio, 1.621; 95 percent CI, 1.284–2.045; p<0.001).

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Most Read Articles
Vincent YT Cheung, 01 Dec 2015

Ultrasonography has been widely used as a routine component of antenatal care. During the assessment of the foetus and the placenta, an adnexal mass may be discovered at the time of the ultrasound examination. Occasionally, an adnexal mass can also be suspected either on physical examination or as a result of clinical symptoms.
5 days ago
Infants born through caesarean delivery appear to be at higher risk of food allergies, while those born very preterm have lower risks, a recent study has found.
04 Nov 2018
Home-based behavioural therapy, administered by parents with over-the-phone assistance with a therapist, effectively reduces complex motor stereotypies in children, a new study has found.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 15 Oct 2018
Infants treated with phototherapy are at increased risk of developing seizures in childhood, with the risk more pronounced in boys and independent of bilirubin levels, a study has found.