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Third-trimester diet of mothers with GDM affect infant feeding behaviours

06 Dec 2020

In women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), dietary pattern during the third trimester of pregnancy seem to affect the offspring’s appetitive feeding behaviours at 6 months, a recent study has found.

The study included 325 pregnant women (mean age at entry, 32.4±2.8 years) with GDM, in whom dietary patterns at 36 weeks’ gestation was assessed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). The Baby Eating Behaviour Questionnaire was used to determine appetitive feeding at 6 months of age.

Most of the infants (61.5 percent) were predominantly or partially breastfed by 6 months of age, but not exclusively so. Nearly a quarter were fed only formula milk, while only 14.2 percent were exclusively breastfed. High enjoyment of milk and feeding was reported in 92.3 percent of infants, while 54.5 percent had generally good appetite.

Principal component analysis of FFQ responses revealed three dietary patterns: junk, primarily including sweets, alcohol, and snacks; mixed, which included root and other vegetables, nuts, and animal protein; and health-conscious, which mostly had fibre-rich food, fruits, and seafood.

Multivariate regression analysis, adjusted for sex, weight-for-age, and maternal socioeconomic deprivation, revealed that increasing scores in the health-conscious dietary pattern correlated significantly with lower food enjoyment in male infants (p=0.0003), indicating better appetitive control, but not in females (p=0.70). Other dietary patterns had no impact on infant appetitive feeding at 6 months.

“Since the risk of obesity is increased in the offspring of women with GDM, appropriate dietary advice in pregnancy may be a potential target for intervention and public health recommendations,” the researchers said.

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Most Read Articles
01 Dec 2020
Tetanus toxoid 5 Lf, diphtheria toxoid 2 Lf, pertussis toxoid 2.5 mcg, filamentous haemagglutinin 5 mcg, fimbriae types 2 and 3 5 mcg, pertactin 3 mcg
Dr. Hsu Li Yang, Dr. Tan Thuan Tong, Dr. Andrea Kwa, 08 Jan 2021
Antimicrobial resistance has become increasingly dire as the rapid emergence of drug resistance, especially gram-negative pathogens, has outpaced the development of new antibiotics. At a recent virtual symposium, Dr Hsu Li Yang, Vice Dean (Global Health) and Programme Leader (Infectious Diseases), NUS Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, presented epidemiological data on multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in Asia, while Dr Tan Thuan Tong, Head and Senior Consultant, Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital (SGH), focused on the role of ceftazidime-avibactam in MDR GNB infections. Dr Andrea Kwa, Assistant Director of Research, Department of Pharmacy, SGH, joined the panel in an interactive fireside chat, to discuss challenges, practical considerations, and solutions in MDR gram-negative infections. This Pfizer-sponsored symposium was chaired by Dr Ng Shin Yi, Head and Senior Consultant of Surgical Intensive Care, SGH.
Tristan Manalac, Yesterday
While antibody titres against SARS-CoV-2 wane with time, the immune system is capable of producing memory B-cells that can last for at least 6 months after infection, suggesting that the body will be able to protect itself in the case of re-exposure, according to a new study.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 5 days ago
Spending too much time sitting cannot be good for the body, and rising to one's feet breaks up such a behaviour and yields small, but meaningful, reductions in certain cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, according to the results of a meta-analysis.