Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 08 Jun 2016
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) patients have more severe illness and a higher mortality rate than non-MERS severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) patients, according to a study presented at the recent American Thoracic Society (ATS) International Conference 2016 held in San Francisco, California, US.
Audrey Abella, 22 May 2017
Fixed-dose combinations of long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) and muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) offered superior efficacy and comparable safety to LAMA or LABA/inhaled corticosteroid (ICS), the two most commonly prescribed first-line treatments for stable moderate-to-very-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a meta-analysis.
Rachel Soon, 04 Aug 2017

Investment in health crisis response systems during non-pandemic periods is crucial to combating the next inevitable flu pandemic, according to a government representative.

Pearl Toh, 21 Aug 2017
High free sugar intake during pregnancy was associated with a heightened risk of allergy and allergic asthma in the children, independent of their sugar intake during early childhood, according to the ALSPAC* study.

TB chest scars, history predict osteoporosis in Korean males

07 Nov 2017

In Korean male tuberculosis (TB) patients, low bone mineral density and sarcopenia are prevalent, a recent study has shown. Moreover, TB history and TB scars on chest X-rays (CXR) are independent risk factors for osteoporosis.

In the study sample of 3,228 Korean males with available CXR and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) information, 16.4 percent (n=529) were TB survivors. Only 7.6 percent (n=245) of the total sample had CXR evidence of TB.

Logistic regression analysis, adjusted for age, height, alcohol, smoking and fat mass index (FMI), among others, revealed that the increased odds of sarcopenia were statistically significant only in patients with TB scars on CXR (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 2.05; 95 percent CI, 1.05 to 4.00; p=0.037) and those with both a history of TB and TB scars on CXR (adjusted OR, 3.44; 1.79 to 6.62; p<0.001).

The adjusted ORs for low bone mineral density also showed a significantly increasing trend for those with only a history of TB (OR, 0.79; 0.48 to 1.30), those with only TB scars on CXR (OR, 1.26; 0.89 to 1.78) and those with both features (OR, 2.14; 1.38 to 3.31; p<0.001 for trend).

Similarly, the risk of osteoporosis significantly increased for those with only a history of TB (OR, 1.13; 0.44 to 2.90), only TB scars on CXR (OR, 1.37; 0.86 to 2.18) and those with both features (OR, 1.75; 1.04 to 2.95; p=0.028 for trend).

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Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 08 Jun 2016
Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) patients have more severe illness and a higher mortality rate than non-MERS severe acute respiratory infection (SARI) patients, according to a study presented at the recent American Thoracic Society (ATS) International Conference 2016 held in San Francisco, California, US.
Audrey Abella, 22 May 2017
Fixed-dose combinations of long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) and muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) offered superior efficacy and comparable safety to LAMA or LABA/inhaled corticosteroid (ICS), the two most commonly prescribed first-line treatments for stable moderate-to-very-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), according to a meta-analysis.
Rachel Soon, 04 Aug 2017

Investment in health crisis response systems during non-pandemic periods is crucial to combating the next inevitable flu pandemic, according to a government representative.

Pearl Toh, 21 Aug 2017
High free sugar intake during pregnancy was associated with a heightened risk of allergy and allergic asthma in the children, independent of their sugar intake during early childhood, according to the ALSPAC* study.