Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 12 Sep 2017

Early mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with a LUCAS 2 device administered by emergency ambulance crew in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) resulted in improved survival compared with manual CPR, results from the MECCA* study showed.

Roshini Claire Anthony, 08 Jul 2016

Individuals taking systemic glucocorticoids appear to have more than twice the risk of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (CA-SAB) compared with nonusers, a Danish population study claims. 

05 Aug 2015
The five A’s algorithm for quitting tobacco use is to ask, advise, assess, assist and arrange, while the five R’s stand for relevance, risks, rewards, roadblocks and repetition, says a specialist.
05 Jan 2018
At a recent dinner symposium at Shangri-La Kuala Lumpur, Dr Omar Usmani discussed the importance of inhaler devices in the management of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

TB chest scars, history predict osteoporosis in Korean males

07 Nov 2017

In Korean male tuberculosis (TB) patients, low bone mineral density and sarcopenia are prevalent, a recent study has shown. Moreover, TB history and TB scars on chest X-rays (CXR) are independent risk factors for osteoporosis.

In the study sample of 3,228 Korean males with available CXR and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) information, 16.4 percent (n=529) were TB survivors. Only 7.6 percent (n=245) of the total sample had CXR evidence of TB.

Logistic regression analysis, adjusted for age, height, alcohol, smoking and fat mass index (FMI), among others, revealed that the increased odds of sarcopenia were statistically significant only in patients with TB scars on CXR (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 2.05; 95 percent CI, 1.05 to 4.00; p=0.037) and those with both a history of TB and TB scars on CXR (adjusted OR, 3.44; 1.79 to 6.62; p<0.001).

The adjusted ORs for low bone mineral density also showed a significantly increasing trend for those with only a history of TB (OR, 0.79; 0.48 to 1.30), those with only TB scars on CXR (OR, 1.26; 0.89 to 1.78) and those with both features (OR, 2.14; 1.38 to 3.31; p<0.001 for trend).

Similarly, the risk of osteoporosis significantly increased for those with only a history of TB (OR, 1.13; 0.44 to 2.90), only TB scars on CXR (OR, 1.37; 0.86 to 2.18) and those with both features (OR, 1.75; 1.04 to 2.95; p=0.028 for trend).

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 12 Sep 2017

Early mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) with a LUCAS 2 device administered by emergency ambulance crew in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) resulted in improved survival compared with manual CPR, results from the MECCA* study showed.

Roshini Claire Anthony, 08 Jul 2016

Individuals taking systemic glucocorticoids appear to have more than twice the risk of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia (CA-SAB) compared with nonusers, a Danish population study claims. 

05 Aug 2015
The five A’s algorithm for quitting tobacco use is to ask, advise, assess, assist and arrange, while the five R’s stand for relevance, risks, rewards, roadblocks and repetition, says a specialist.
05 Jan 2018
At a recent dinner symposium at Shangri-La Kuala Lumpur, Dr Omar Usmani discussed the importance of inhaler devices in the management of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).