Most Read Articles
Jairia Dela Cruz, 02 Mar 2017
The placement of personalized inhaler technique reminder labels on dry-powder asthma inhalers may improve the retention of inhaler technique skills after training and potentially extend the benefit of the training onto asthma outcomes, according to a study.
Audrey Abella, 08 Feb 2018
Better clinical efficacy was observed among cancer patients with postoperative hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) who received prolonged infusion of the mixed preparation of the broad-spectrum β-lactamase inhibitor tazobactam and β-lactam antibiotic piperacillin (TZP) compared with those who received the traditional regimen, according to a study.

Stephen Padilla, 02 Mar 2017
Use of vitamin D supplementation prevents acute respiratory tract infection, with individuals who are very deficient in vitamin D and those not receiving additional bolus doses benefitting the most, a recent study has found.
01 Jun 2016
Fluticasone furoate is superior to mometasone nasal spray in improving several perceived sensory attributes of allergic rhinitis patients, based on a multicentre, randomised, crossover, prospective study.

TB chest scars, history predict osteoporosis in Korean males

07 Nov 2017

In Korean male tuberculosis (TB) patients, low bone mineral density and sarcopenia are prevalent, a recent study has shown. Moreover, TB history and TB scars on chest X-rays (CXR) are independent risk factors for osteoporosis.

In the study sample of 3,228 Korean males with available CXR and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) information, 16.4 percent (n=529) were TB survivors. Only 7.6 percent (n=245) of the total sample had CXR evidence of TB.

Logistic regression analysis, adjusted for age, height, alcohol, smoking and fat mass index (FMI), among others, revealed that the increased odds of sarcopenia were statistically significant only in patients with TB scars on CXR (adjusted odds ratio [OR], 2.05; 95 percent CI, 1.05 to 4.00; p=0.037) and those with both a history of TB and TB scars on CXR (adjusted OR, 3.44; 1.79 to 6.62; p<0.001).

The adjusted ORs for low bone mineral density also showed a significantly increasing trend for those with only a history of TB (OR, 0.79; 0.48 to 1.30), those with only TB scars on CXR (OR, 1.26; 0.89 to 1.78) and those with both features (OR, 2.14; 1.38 to 3.31; p<0.001 for trend).

Similarly, the risk of osteoporosis significantly increased for those with only a history of TB (OR, 1.13; 0.44 to 2.90), only TB scars on CXR (OR, 1.37; 0.86 to 2.18) and those with both features (OR, 1.75; 1.04 to 2.95; p=0.028 for trend).

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Most Read Articles
Jairia Dela Cruz, 02 Mar 2017
The placement of personalized inhaler technique reminder labels on dry-powder asthma inhalers may improve the retention of inhaler technique skills after training and potentially extend the benefit of the training onto asthma outcomes, according to a study.
Audrey Abella, 08 Feb 2018
Better clinical efficacy was observed among cancer patients with postoperative hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) who received prolonged infusion of the mixed preparation of the broad-spectrum β-lactamase inhibitor tazobactam and β-lactam antibiotic piperacillin (TZP) compared with those who received the traditional regimen, according to a study.

Stephen Padilla, 02 Mar 2017
Use of vitamin D supplementation prevents acute respiratory tract infection, with individuals who are very deficient in vitamin D and those not receiving additional bolus doses benefitting the most, a recent study has found.
01 Jun 2016
Fluticasone furoate is superior to mometasone nasal spray in improving several perceived sensory attributes of allergic rhinitis patients, based on a multicentre, randomised, crossover, prospective study.