Most Read Articles
25 Aug 2015
At the Northern Pharmacists Convention cum 48th Malaysian Pharmaceutical Society Seminar 2015 held recently at Bayview Beach Hotel, Penang, Sanofi invited three distinguished speakers – Dr Khaw Chong Hui, Dr Lo Kang Shang Chit, and Professor Dr Karl-Josef Gundermann – to speak on the importance of renal protection in managing diabetic hypertension, the use of antihistamines in managing chronic urticaria (CU), and the role of essential phospholipids (EPL) in fatty liver diseases, respectively.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 07 Nov 2017

Women who are underweight, particularly in their late teens and mid-thirties, may be at risk for early menopause, a recent study found. 

16 Aug 2014

New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 15-30 Aug which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.

Audrey Abella, 20 Jan 2017
Diabetes was not a risk factor for total knee replacement (TKR) due to severe knee osteoarthritis, a Singapore study found.

T2D ups mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery

14 Jul 2017

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients have a significantly higher mortality rate following coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) compared with those without T2DM, according to a new meta-analysis.

A meta-analysis of 11 studies (n=12,965 patients) that investigated mortality after CABG in human participants with and without T2DM found that mortality was significantly higher in T2DM patients (odds ratio [OR], 1.54; 95 percent CI, 1.37 to 1.72; p<0.00001) over a follow up of 1 to 15 years.

Results remained consistent even when considering follow-up periods of 5 to 15 (OR, 1.53; 1.36 to 1.72; p<0.00001) and 7 to 15 (OR, 1.53; 1.26 to 1.87; p<0.0001) years.

Subtype analysis with respect to type of death showed that both all-cause mortality (OR, 1.34; 1.12 to 1.60; p=0.001) and cardiac death (OR, 1.62; 1.31 to 2.00; p<0.00001) was significantly higher in T2DM patients.

Further analysis showed that short-term (1 to 5 years; OR, 1.65; 1.07 to 2.54; p=0.02), middle-term (5 to 7 years; OR, 1.53; 1.32 to 1.76; p<0.00001) and long-term mortality (7 to 15 years; OR, 1.53; 1.26 to 1.87; p<0.0001) were all significantly greater in T2DM patients.

In contrast, other adverse cardiovascular outcomes, such as myocardial infarction (OR, 1.15; 0.81 to 1.64; p=0.44), repeated revascularization (OR, 1.09; 0.88 to 1.36; p=0.43) and stroke (OR, 1.69; 0.93 to 3.07; p=0.08) were not significantly more common in T2DM patients.

The meta-analysis was performed on six randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and five observational studies retrieved from Medline, the Cochrane Library and Embase. Those with follow-up periods of <1 year, that did not report on mortality or that did not include control were excluded.

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Most Read Articles
25 Aug 2015
At the Northern Pharmacists Convention cum 48th Malaysian Pharmaceutical Society Seminar 2015 held recently at Bayview Beach Hotel, Penang, Sanofi invited three distinguished speakers – Dr Khaw Chong Hui, Dr Lo Kang Shang Chit, and Professor Dr Karl-Josef Gundermann – to speak on the importance of renal protection in managing diabetic hypertension, the use of antihistamines in managing chronic urticaria (CU), and the role of essential phospholipids (EPL) in fatty liver diseases, respectively.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 07 Nov 2017

Women who are underweight, particularly in their late teens and mid-thirties, may be at risk for early menopause, a recent study found. 

16 Aug 2014

New drug applications approved by US FDA as of 15-30 Aug which includes New Molecular Entities (NMEs) and new biologics. It does not include Tentative Approvals. Supplemental approvals may have occurred since the original approval date.

Audrey Abella, 20 Jan 2017
Diabetes was not a risk factor for total knee replacement (TKR) due to severe knee osteoarthritis, a Singapore study found.