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Dr. Joseph Delano Fule Robles, 5 days ago

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T2D-associated genetic loci linked to upped risks of diabetic retinopathy

11 Jan 2017

There is a significant association between type 2 diabetes (T2D)-related genetic loci and higher risks of diabetic retinopathy (DR), independent of traditional risk factors, a recent study has found.

Researchers conducted a case-control genetic association study to determine whether individuals with more diabetes genetic risk alleles had greater risk of developing DR. They evaluated the aggregate effects of multiple T2D-associated genetic variants on the DR risk among 1,528 participants with diabetes from the Singapore Epidemiology of Eye Diseases Study. Of these, 547 (35.8 percent) had DR.

Participants went through a comprehensive ocular examination, as well as dilated fundus photography. Using the modified Airlie House classification system, retinal photographs were graded to evaluate the presence and severity of DR following a standardized protocol.

Researchers identified a total of 76 previously discovered T2D-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and constructed multilocus genetic risk scores (GRSs) for each individual. This was done by summing the number of risk alleles for each SNP weighted by the respective effect estimates on DR.

There were two GRSs generated. These are overall GRS that included all 76 discovered T2D-related SNPs and Asian-specific GRS that included a subset of 55 SNPs previously found to be associated with T2D in East and/or South Asian ancestry populations.

Logistic regression analyses were used to determine the associations between the GSRs and DR. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) determined the discriminating ability of the GRSs. Odds ratios on DR were the primary outcome measures.

Compared with participants in the lowest tertile of the overall GRS, those in the top tertile were 2.56 times more likely to have DR. Compared with participants in the bottom tertile of the Asian-specific GRS, those in the top were 2.00 times more likely to have DR.

There was an association between higher DR severity levels and both GRSs. However, the AUC only improved slightly by 3 to 4 percent with the addition of the GRSs to traditional risk factors.

The findings may offer new insights to advance the understanding of the genetic pathogenesis of DR, according to researchers.

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Most Read Articles
Dr. Joseph Delano Fule Robles, 5 days ago

A recent study conducted by The University of Hong Kong (HKU) revealed that long-term use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) is associated with a significantly increased risk of gastric cancer even in patients who have had Helicobacter pylori eradicated. 

5 days ago
The 5-year survival rates for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers vary greatly according to age and race, with Caucasians and younger patients tending to have better survival, according to a recent US study.
6 days ago
High levels of marijuana exposure appear to not be longitudinally associated with prevalent albuminuria and substantial changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate by cystatin C (eGFRcys), a recent US epidemiological study has shown.
4 days ago
Men with breast cancer have tumours that are typically of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative Luminal B subtype and positive for oestrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and androgen receptor, according to the results of the EORTC 10085/TBCRC/BIG/NABCG International Male Breast Cancer Program study.