Most Read Articles
Tristan Manalac, 11 Jul 2018
Gestational exposure to grain products fortified with folic acid appears to be linked to a lower risk of psychosis in offspring, according to a recent study.
Pearl Toh, 10 Jul 2018
A dual-hormone artificial pancreas (DAP) with a rapid delivery of insulin and pramlintide in a fixed ratio improves glycaemic control and reduces glucose variability in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) compared with first-generation artificial pancreas delivering insulin alone, according to a study presented at ADA 2018.
4 days ago
Chocolate consumption is not associated with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke or both combined in postmenopausal women free of pre-existing major chronic disease, a study suggests.
Pearl Toh, 5 days ago
More intensive lowering of LDL-C levels was associated with a progressively greater survival benefit than less intensive approach, when the baseline LDL-C levels were ≥100 mg/dL, reveals a meta-analysis of 34 randomized trials.

Survival in HPV-associated cancers vary by age, race

14 Nov 2017

The 5-year survival rates for human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancers vary greatly according to age and race, with Caucasians and younger patients tending to have better survival, according to a recent US study.

Survival data from 27 population-based US cancer registries were retrieved and used in the analysis. Only cases of invasive cancers that fulfilled the criteria for HPV association were included. The overall and relative 5-year survival rates were calculated for patients diagnosed from 2001 to 2011.

In the study sample of 220,211 patients with HPV-associated cancers, the most common cancer types were oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) and cervical carcinomas, observed in 36.4 and 36.1 percent, respectively.

These were followed by anal SCCs (11.8 percent), vulvar SCCs (8.8 percent), penile SCCs (2.8 percent), vaginal SCCs (2.2 percent) and rectal SCCs (1.9 percent).

Five-year age-standardized survival rates were highest for vulvar (66 percent) and anal (65.9 percent) SCCs. In contrast, penile (47.4 percent) and oropharyngeal (51.2 percent) SCCs had the lowest survival rates out of all included cancer types.

Survival for cervical carcinomas, penile SCCs and oropharyngeal SCCs consistently declined with increasing age. On the other hand, those diagnosed with vaginal, vulvar and anal SCCs between the ages of 40 and 49 years had slightly higher survival than those diagnosed at <40 years.

Five-year age-standardized relative survival was higher in Caucasians than African-Americans for cervical carcinomas (64.8 vs 57 percent), penile SCCs (48.4 vs 34.7 percent), anal SCCs (69.3 vs 59.8 percent), rectal SCCs (61.2 vs 45.5 percent) and oropharyngeal SCCs (53.5 vs 32.4 percent).

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Doctor - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Tristan Manalac, 11 Jul 2018
Gestational exposure to grain products fortified with folic acid appears to be linked to a lower risk of psychosis in offspring, according to a recent study.
Pearl Toh, 10 Jul 2018
A dual-hormone artificial pancreas (DAP) with a rapid delivery of insulin and pramlintide in a fixed ratio improves glycaemic control and reduces glucose variability in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) compared with first-generation artificial pancreas delivering insulin alone, according to a study presented at ADA 2018.
4 days ago
Chocolate consumption is not associated with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke or both combined in postmenopausal women free of pre-existing major chronic disease, a study suggests.
Pearl Toh, 5 days ago
More intensive lowering of LDL-C levels was associated with a progressively greater survival benefit than less intensive approach, when the baseline LDL-C levels were ≥100 mg/dL, reveals a meta-analysis of 34 randomized trials.