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6 days ago
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Roshini Claire Anthony, 13 Nov 2020

Diabetes is a key risk factor for heart failure (HF), which is the leading cause of hospitalization in patients with or without diabetes. SGLT-2* inhibitors (SGLT-2is) have been shown to reduce the risk of hospitalization for HF (HHF) regardless of the presence or absence of diabetes.

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Surgical castration use remains low despite advantage in metastatic prostate cancer

25 Apr 2020

Surgical castration for metastatic prostate cancer has potential advantages and similar survival rate compared to medical castration, but its use is still low and even decreasing in a contemporary, real-world cohort, reveals a study.

“Surgical castration for metastatic prostate cancer is used less frequently than medical castration yet costs less, requires less follow-up and may be associated with fewer adverse effects,” the authors said.

Overall, 24,805 men with newly diagnosed metastatic prostate cancer from a national cancer registry in the US (2004 to 2016) were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. The association between surgery and sociodemographic factors was assessed using multivariable logistic regression, while the association between castration type and overall survival was examined via multivariable Cox regression.

Of the patients, 5.4 percent underwent surgical castration, which showed a significant decrease from 8.5 percent in 2004 to 3.5 percent in 2016 (per year later odds ratio [OR], 0.89, 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 0.87–0.91; p<0.001).

Private insurance (OR, 0.73, 95 percent CI, 0.61–0.87; p<0.001) was associated with fewer surgery, while Medicaid (OR, 1.68, 95 percent CI, 1.34–2.11; p<0.001) or no insurance (OR, 2.12, 95 percent CI, 1.58–2.85; p<0.001) correlated with more compared to Medicare.

Moreover, surgery was also fewer among men with regional median income >$63,000 compared with income <$38,000 (OR, 0.61, 95 percent CI, 0.43–0.85; p=0.004).

After a median follow-up of 30 months, castration type did not show an association with differences in survival (surgical vs medical hazard ratio, 1.02, 95 percent CI, 0.95–1.09; p=0.6).

“Men with potentially limited healthcare access undergo more surgery, perhaps reflecting a provider bias toward the perceived benefit of permanent castration,” the authors said.

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Most Read Articles
6 days ago
Ivermectin confers benefits in the treatment of COVID-19, with a recent study showing that its use helps reduce the risk of death especially in patients with severe pulmonary involvement.
5 days ago
Mental health comorbidities are common among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and may lead to worse outcomes, a recent study has found.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 13 Nov 2020

Diabetes is a key risk factor for heart failure (HF), which is the leading cause of hospitalization in patients with or without diabetes. SGLT-2* inhibitors (SGLT-2is) have been shown to reduce the risk of hospitalization for HF (HHF) regardless of the presence or absence of diabetes.

2 days ago
Vitamin D deficiency may be a contributing factor to the mortality rate among patients with the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), reports a new study.