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Pearl Toh, 5 days ago
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Pearl Toh, 25 Jun 2020
The type of face mask matters, in addition to sterilization method, in influencing subsequent filtration efficiency after sterilization process for reuse, a new study finds.

Suicide more common in patients with digestive system cancers

06 Sep 2018
A day may come when a pill can be taken to prevent suicide, borne from the partnership between University of Utah and pharmaceutical giant, Janssen in researching biomarkers related to suicidal tendencies.

Suicide appears to be more common in patients with cancers of the digestive system, especially in those with pancreatic and oesophageal cancers, a recent study has found.

The analysis included 856,293 patients with digestive system cancers (54.4 percent male), in whom 881 suicide cases were reported over a mean follow-up duration of 3.14 years. The resulting suicide rate was 32.77 per 100,000 person-years, which was almost twice that in the general US population (standardized mortality ratio [SMR], 1.91; 95 percent CI, 1.79–2.04).

Colon cancer was observed in 37 percent of the cohort and was the most common digestive system cancer subtype. This was followed by cancers of the rectum and rectosigmoid junction (16 percent), and pancreatic cancer (14 percent). Oesophageal cancer was the least common subtype (5.1 percent).

Disaggregation of the analysis by cancer site showed that suicide rates were consistently elevated relative to the general population.

Notably, despite being the least common type, oesophageal cancer had one of the highest relative suicide risks (SMR, 5.03; 4.03–6.19), second only to pancreatic cancer (SMR, 5.28; 4.26–6.47). The corresponding absolute rates were 116.54 and 86.04 suicides per 100,000 person-years.

Cancers of the stomach (SMR, 2.84; 2.26–3.53) and of the liver and intrahepatic bile duct (SMR, 2.14; 1.58–2.85) also resulted in suicide rates that were more than double than in the general population.

In contrast, colon (SMR, 1.36; 1.22–1.52) and rectum and rectosigmoid junction (SMR, 1.65; 1.42–1.90) cancers had the lowest suicide rates of all the subtypes, though these were still significantly higher than in the general population.

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Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 5 days ago
Having migraine during midlife appears to be associated with a higher risk of developing dementia in later life, according to a large population-based longitudinal Danish study presented at the AHS* 2020 Virtual Meeting, indicating that migraine may be a risk factor for dementia.
5 days ago
Patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) often suffer from liver abnormalities, which are associated with higher body mass index (BMI), daily consumption of alcohol, more severe disease, and some therapies, according to a recent study.
Christina Lau, 3 days ago

Pembrolizumab in combination with chemotherapy significantly improves progression-free survival (PFS) vs chemotherapy alone in patients with previously untreated, locally recurrent inoperable or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), results of the KEYNOTE-355 study have shown.

Pearl Toh, 25 Jun 2020
The type of face mask matters, in addition to sterilization method, in influencing subsequent filtration efficiency after sterilization process for reuse, a new study finds.