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Roshini Claire Anthony, 21 Apr 2016
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Sphingosine-1-phosphate levels tied to 3-month, 1-year mortality in end-stage liver disease

01 Apr 2017

Prognosis in end-stage liver disease has highly significant association with plasma levels of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), such that patients with low circulating S1P levels have lower 3-month and 1-year survival compared with those who have high S1P levels, a new study shows.

The study included 95 citrated plasma samples from patients who were assessed for orthotopicliver transplantation (OLT). Those who were receiving vitamin K antagonists or rivaroxaban as oral anti-coagulation therapies were excluded.

Hydrophilic interaction chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry were used to process and quantify the levels of S1P, sphinganine-1-phosphate (SA1P) and sphingosine (SPH).

At the 3-month and 1-year follow-up, 9.5 (n=9)and 20 percent(n=19) of patients, respectively, died without OLT. Moreover, 10.5 percent (n=10) received OLT within 1 year.

The survival ratespredicted by S1P were 93.8, 83.1 and 57.1 percent for the third, second and first analyte concentration tertiles, respectively. Comparing the first to the second and third tertiles, the hazard ratios (HR) were 2.99 (95 percent CI,1.05 to 8.49; p=0.04)and 8.87 (1.98 to 39.78; p=0.004), respectively.

Survival rates for SA1P were 94.4, 80.2 and 64.5 percent for the third, second and first analyte concentration tertiles respectively. Only the comparison of the first to the third tertile yielded a significant HR (4.50; 1.24 to 16.40; p=0.023). No significant HRs were calculated for SPH.

Moreover, only S1P was the significant predictor of 3-month (HR, 0.94; 0.91 to 0.98; p=0.005) and 1-year (HR, 0.96; 0.94 to 0.99; p=0.002) mortality rates, according to the Cox regression analysis.

Finally, after controlling for platelet counts and haemoglobin and SA1P levels, S1P remained a significant predictor of 3-month (p<0.001) and 1-year (p<0.001) mortality, according to multivariate cox regression analysis.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 21 Apr 2016
Twenty-year survival is possible in almost 80 percent of children who had a liver transplant and were given cyclosporine as their primary immunosuppressive regimen, according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) International Liver Congress™ (ILC) 2016 in Barcelona, Spain.
16 Jul 2017
Nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD) and serum concentrations of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) are independent predictors of incident type 2 diabetes, a new prospective study shows.
Elvira Manzano, 22 Apr 2016
Patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) who are in need of a transplant can safely receive a liver from an HCV-positive donor with a healthy liver biopsy, according to an analysis of outcomes spanning over 18 years.
03 Dec 2016
Serum osteoprotegrin levels may eventually be used as a reliable marker for bone loss and osteoporosis risk, at least in women with chronic kidney disease (CKD), a new study reports.