Sore Throat (Patient Counselling Guide)
16 Dec 2016
A sore throat is a condition characterized by discomfort, pain, or scratchiness in the throat causing swallowing to be difficult and painful. There is often dryness and redness of the throat as well as a raspy feeling when a person has a sore throat. It is often caused by a virus, but in children and adolescents, it may be due to a streptococcal (bacterial) infection. An untreated streptococcal throat infection may pose a risk of rheumatic fever, which may lead to a fatal condition called rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Other causes of sore throat may include exposure to environmental pollutants and respiratory irritants (e.g., cigarette smoke), dryness of air, prolonged screaming and backflow of stomach acids up into the back of the throat. Alcoholic beverages and spicy foods may also cause local irritation of the throat.
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