Most Read Articles
Elaine Soliven, 3 days ago

Switching from efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (EFV/FTC/TDF) to the new bictegravir/ emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF) regimen maintained high rates of virological suppression in adults who are living with HIV*, according to a study presented at AIDS 2020.

01 Aug 2020
Supplementation with probiotics may have positive effects in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), reports a recent meta-analysis.
Stephen Padilla, 3 days ago
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) containing either long-acting injectable cabotegravir (CAB) or tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) is safe and effective for transgender women (TGW) and cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM), but CAB results in a much lower HIV incidence compared to TDF/FTC, results of the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 083 have shown.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 2 days ago
Monthly prophylaxis with the fixed-dose combination of naphthoquine-azithromycin (NQAZ) is well tolerated and confers significant protection against infection with Plasmodium parasites among individuals residing in malaria-endemic areas in Southeast Asia, as shown in the results of a phase III trial.

SNPs likely to improve breast cancer risk prediction

Dr Joslyn Ngu
04 Dec 2017

Incorporating polygenic risk scores based on 18 SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) into risk stratification for breast cancer will improve screening results, says an expert.

Sharing about his experience leading the PROCAS (Predicting the Risk Of Cancer At Screening) programme in the UK, consultant in genetic medicine Professor Gareth Evans, of the University of Manchester at St Mary’s Hospital, Manchester, UK, said the study showed that it is possible to gather risk information and—using a good risk stratification model—provide accurate assessments of women’s risk of breast cancer. To further improve the accuracy of screening models, mammographic density information and SNPs should be taken into consideration.

Individually, SNPs contributes to minor change in risk for breast cancer. However, when considered together, they may be useful in predicting larger differences in the risk for breast cancer. According to a recently published study in which Evans was the lead author, polygenic risk scores may be used to improve risk assessment for women at increased familial risk who tested negative or have low likelihood of BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutations. [J Med Genet 2017;54(2):111–113]

In the UK, the first mammography screening appointment for women between the ages of 47 and 50 provides an opportunity to assess the risk for breast cancer and inform women of preventive measures. Soon, risk-stratified screening may also be included in the agenda. Currently, the National Health Service (NHS) breast screening programme already provides screening with MRI for women at high familial risk.

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Most Read Articles
Elaine Soliven, 3 days ago

Switching from efavirenz/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (EFV/FTC/TDF) to the new bictegravir/ emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (BIC/FTC/TAF) regimen maintained high rates of virological suppression in adults who are living with HIV*, according to a study presented at AIDS 2020.

01 Aug 2020
Supplementation with probiotics may have positive effects in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), reports a recent meta-analysis.
Stephen Padilla, 3 days ago
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) containing either long-acting injectable cabotegravir (CAB) or tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) is safe and effective for transgender women (TGW) and cisgender men who have sex with men (MSM), but CAB results in a much lower HIV incidence compared to TDF/FTC, results of the HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 083 have shown.
Jairia Dela Cruz, 2 days ago
Monthly prophylaxis with the fixed-dose combination of naphthoquine-azithromycin (NQAZ) is well tolerated and confers significant protection against infection with Plasmodium parasites among individuals residing in malaria-endemic areas in Southeast Asia, as shown in the results of a phase III trial.