Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 6 days ago

Patients with mild hypertension who are at low risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) do not appear to derive mortality or CVD benefit from antihypertensive treatments, raising questions on the need for treatment in this population, according to a recent study from England.

Pearl Toh, 09 Nov 2018
A personalized computerized neurofeedback intervention for training attention and memory shows potential in cognitive training for healthy elderly men, who improved in cognitive performance after the training, although no significant improvements were seen in the overall study population.
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Smoking ups risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm

17 Oct 2018
Smoking is the single most important risk factor for cancer.

Smoking appears to increase the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm, particularly among current smokers, reports a recent meta-analysis. The risk appears to taper with a lower number of cigarette sticks smoked per day.

A total of 23 studies were eligible for inclusion in the analysis, most of which (n=20 studies) were of current smokers (n=8,901 smokers). Fifteen studies included 7,824 former smokers, while 18 studies involved 8,448 ever smokers.

Compared with never smokers, current smokers were significantly more likely to develop abdominal aortic aneurysm (relative risk [RR], 4.87; 95 percent CI, 3.93–6.02). There was significant heterogeneity among the studies (p<0.0001).

Similar risk elevations were observed for former smokers (RR, 2.10; 1.76–2.50) and ever smokers (RR, 3.28; 2.60–4.15), though of lower magnitudes. In both cases, heterogeneity among studies were likewise significant (p<0.0001). No evidence of publication bias was reported for all three analyses, according to Egger’s test.

A pooled analysis of seven studies showed that every 10-stick increment in daily use was associated with a significant increase in the associated risk (RR, 1.87; 1.45–2.40). The correlation was significantly nonlinear (p<0.0001), such that use of 15–20 sticks per day was associated with the strongest increase in risk, while use beyond 20 sticks had no further effect.

A similar effect was observed for the number of pack-years: Each 10-pack-year increment was associated with a significant rise in the risk of abdominal aortic aneurysms (RR, 1.78; 1.54–2.06).

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 6 days ago

Patients with mild hypertension who are at low risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) do not appear to derive mortality or CVD benefit from antihypertensive treatments, raising questions on the need for treatment in this population, according to a recent study from England.

Pearl Toh, 09 Nov 2018
A personalized computerized neurofeedback intervention for training attention and memory shows potential in cognitive training for healthy elderly men, who improved in cognitive performance after the training, although no significant improvements were seen in the overall study population.
4 days ago
Type 1 diabetes impairs cognitive functioning in children, and this effect is exacerbated by extreme glycaemic levels, according to a recent meta-analysis.
Pearl Toh, 08 Nov 2018
The pneumonia-causing bacteria, Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus), can be spread through nose picking and rubbing after exposure of the hands to the bacteria — in addition to the conventionally known route of inhalation of airborne droplets, a study reveals.