Most Read Articles
Jairia Dela Cruz, 2 days ago
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Smoking behaviours linked to metabolic syndrome

09 Jul 2020

Smoking behaviours, such as the type of cigarette used and having a past history of the habit, appear to correlate with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components, a recent study has found.

Drawing from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey, the researchers identified 5,462 MetS cases and 12,194 controls. In the former group, 3,193 were non-smokers, 1,293 were ex-smokers, 893 were current smokers of conventional cigarettes, and 83 were currently using both conventional and electronic devices. In controls, the corresponding numbers were 8,182, 2,420, 1,432, and 160.

In women, the use of conventional cigarettes increased the likelihood of developing MetS (odds ratio [OR], 1.80, 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 1.02–3.18). The same was true for the use of both conventional and electronic cigarettes (OR, 4.02, 95 percent CI, 1.48–10.93). This type of interaction was absent in men.

In contrast, smoking history had more of an effect in men. Having smoked for >25 to ≤37.5 pack-years increased the risk of MetS (OR, 1.45, 95 percent CI, 1.04–2.02), as did having a history of >37.5 to ≤50 (OR, 1.53, 95 percent CI, 1.08–2.18) and >50 (OR, 1.56, 95 percent CI, 1.07–2.27) pack-years of smoking. No such effect was observed in women.

Other habits also significantly affected the risk of MetS. High physical activity, for instance, cut the risk of MetS in both women (OR, 0.85, 95 percent CI, 0.78–0.94) and men (OR, 0.88, 95 percent CI, 0.80–0.98), while high-risk drinking increased it (men: OR, 1.89, 95 percent CI, 1.67–2.14; women: OR, 1.52, 95 percent CI, 1.21–1.91).

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Most Read Articles
Jairia Dela Cruz, 2 days ago
In patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) receiving angiotensin-converting-enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, high dosing confers benefits for the risk of death or hospitalization that are similar to that obtained with lower dosing, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis.
11 Sep 2020
Men who use calcium channel blockers (CCBs) are at risk of developing prostate cancer, and the risk increases with the duration of CCB exposure, according to the results of a systematic review and meta-analysis.
06 Sep 2020
Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients taking proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are at a higher risk of sustaining hip fractures, a recent study has found.
4 days ago
Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common condition affecting the joints. Dr Lee Eu Jin, an Orthopaedic Surgeon from Liberty Orthopaedic Clinic at Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre, Singapore, shares his insights with Pearl Toh on how to manage OA in the primary care setting.