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Smoking, drinking factors in prediabetes and diabetes

15 Mar 2019

Diabetes and prediabetes are relatively common among adults, according to a recent China study. Pertinent risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption and low physical activity levels, among others.

In the study sample of 21,435 adults (aged 18–79 years), recruited from Northeast China, the estimated prevalence rates of diabetes and prediabetes were 9.1 percent and 19.8 percent, respectively. Of the diabetics, majority (68.9 percent) had previously been diagnosed while 31.1 percent were diagnosed in the present study.

Those who had had their diabetes diagnosed in the current study tended to be younger, male, single or widowed/widowers, manual laborers, and current smokers or alcohol drinkers. Similarly, these participants were more likely to have a family history of diabetes and engage in lower levels of physical exercise relative to those who had previously been diagnosed.

Moreover, triglycerides, diastolic blood pressure, blood sugar and waist circumference were all also comparatively elevated in the newly-diagnosed patients.

In comparison, those with a previously-diagnosed diabetes showed higher prevalence rates of hypertension, dyslipidaemia and obesity, though these participants tended to be more aware of these conditions.

Multivariate logistic regression analysis further demonstrated that being older (odds ratio [OR], 1.68; 95 percent CI, 1.38–1.66; p<0.001) and male (female: OR, 0.65; 0.59–0.72; p<0.001), living in an urban setting (rural: OR, 0.71; 0.65–0.72; p<0.001), being a widow/widower (OR, 1.52; 1.37–1.69; p<0.001), having high body mass index (obese: OR, 1.83; 1.59–2.09; p<0.001) and waist circumference (OR, 1.33; 1.20–1.47; p<0.001), and current drinking (OR, 1.18; 1.07–1.30; p=0.001) or smoking (OR, 1.15; 1.04–1.26; p=0.007) were all significant risk factors for prediabetes.

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Most Read Articles
4 days ago
The consumption of red and processed meats does not seem to affect the likelihood of symptom relapse among Crohn’s disease (CD) patients in relapse, reports a recent study.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 10 Jul 2019

Women who receive a single dose of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid within 6 hours of operative vaginal delivery could significantly reduce their postpartum infection risk, according to the UK-based ANODE* trial.

Pearl Toh, Yesterday
In addition to the known evils of maternal smoking during pregnancy on the son’s semen quality, prenatal exposure to paternal smoking can also be harmful, according to data from a large Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC) presented at the ESHRE 2019 Meeting.
4 days ago
Treatment with metformin may improve whole-body and peripheral insulin resistance (IR) in youth who are overweight/obese with type 1 diabetes (T1D), according to a study.