Most Read Articles
5 days ago
The ketogenic and Modified Atkin’s diets are effective treatments for children with refractory epilepsy of genetic aetiology, a new study suggests.
16 Apr 2019
Extremely premature neonates who have been exposed to pre-eclampsia in utero are at high risk of developing severe respiratory distress syndrome and severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia, according to a study.
Pearl Toh, 5 days ago
A contraceptive vaginal system (Annovera) releasing a combination of segesterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol (SA/EE) effectively inhibits ovulation up to a year even at low systemic levels of SA, reports a review study presented at ENDO 2019.
12 Apr 2019
Acetaminophen remains a safe choice of analgesic for most elderly residents of nursing homes, a recent study suggests.

Smoking, drinking factors in prediabetes and diabetes

15 Mar 2019

Diabetes and prediabetes are relatively common among adults, according to a recent China study. Pertinent risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption and low physical activity levels, among others.

In the study sample of 21,435 adults (aged 18–79 years), recruited from Northeast China, the estimated prevalence rates of diabetes and prediabetes were 9.1 percent and 19.8 percent, respectively. Of the diabetics, majority (68.9 percent) had previously been diagnosed while 31.1 percent were diagnosed in the present study.

Those who had had their diabetes diagnosed in the current study tended to be younger, male, single or widowed/widowers, manual laborers, and current smokers or alcohol drinkers. Similarly, these participants were more likely to have a family history of diabetes and engage in lower levels of physical exercise relative to those who had previously been diagnosed.

Moreover, triglycerides, diastolic blood pressure, blood sugar and waist circumference were all also comparatively elevated in the newly-diagnosed patients.

In comparison, those with a previously-diagnosed diabetes showed higher prevalence rates of hypertension, dyslipidaemia and obesity, though these participants tended to be more aware of these conditions.

Multivariate logistic regression analysis further demonstrated that being older (odds ratio [OR], 1.68; 95 percent CI, 1.38–1.66; p<0.001) and male (female: OR, 0.65; 0.59–0.72; p<0.001), living in an urban setting (rural: OR, 0.71; 0.65–0.72; p<0.001), being a widow/widower (OR, 1.52; 1.37–1.69; p<0.001), having high body mass index (obese: OR, 1.83; 1.59–2.09; p<0.001) and waist circumference (OR, 1.33; 1.20–1.47; p<0.001), and current drinking (OR, 1.18; 1.07–1.30; p=0.001) or smoking (OR, 1.15; 1.04–1.26; p=0.007) were all significant risk factors for prediabetes.

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Doctor - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
5 days ago
The ketogenic and Modified Atkin’s diets are effective treatments for children with refractory epilepsy of genetic aetiology, a new study suggests.
16 Apr 2019
Extremely premature neonates who have been exposed to pre-eclampsia in utero are at high risk of developing severe respiratory distress syndrome and severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia, according to a study.
Pearl Toh, 5 days ago
A contraceptive vaginal system (Annovera) releasing a combination of segesterone acetate and ethinyl estradiol (SA/EE) effectively inhibits ovulation up to a year even at low systemic levels of SA, reports a review study presented at ENDO 2019.
12 Apr 2019
Acetaminophen remains a safe choice of analgesic for most elderly residents of nursing homes, a recent study suggests.