Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Sep 2019

Beta-blockers could reduce mortality risk in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and moderate or moderately-severe renal dysfunction without causing harm, according to the BB-META-HF* trial presented at ESC 2019.

Elvira Manzano, 3 days ago

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in an update of its 2013 recommendations, called on clinicians to offer risk-reducing medications to women who are at increased risk for breast cancer but at low risk for adverse effects.

Pearl Toh, 4 days ago
The use of SGLT-2* inhibitors was not associated with a higher risk of severe or nonsevere urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with DPP**-4 inhibitors or GLP-1*** receptor agonists, a population-based cohort study shows.
14 Sep 2019
In type 2 diabetes patients taking sulfonylureas, hypoglycaemia duration is longer at night and is inversely correlated with the level of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a new study reports.

Smoking, drinking factors in prediabetes and diabetes

15 Mar 2019

Diabetes and prediabetes are relatively common among adults, according to a recent China study. Pertinent risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption and low physical activity levels, among others.

In the study sample of 21,435 adults (aged 18–79 years), recruited from Northeast China, the estimated prevalence rates of diabetes and prediabetes were 9.1 percent and 19.8 percent, respectively. Of the diabetics, majority (68.9 percent) had previously been diagnosed while 31.1 percent were diagnosed in the present study.

Those who had had their diabetes diagnosed in the current study tended to be younger, male, single or widowed/widowers, manual laborers, and current smokers or alcohol drinkers. Similarly, these participants were more likely to have a family history of diabetes and engage in lower levels of physical exercise relative to those who had previously been diagnosed.

Moreover, triglycerides, diastolic blood pressure, blood sugar and waist circumference were all also comparatively elevated in the newly-diagnosed patients.

In comparison, those with a previously-diagnosed diabetes showed higher prevalence rates of hypertension, dyslipidaemia and obesity, though these participants tended to be more aware of these conditions.

Multivariate logistic regression analysis further demonstrated that being older (odds ratio [OR], 1.68; 95 percent CI, 1.38–1.66; p<0.001) and male (female: OR, 0.65; 0.59–0.72; p<0.001), living in an urban setting (rural: OR, 0.71; 0.65–0.72; p<0.001), being a widow/widower (OR, 1.52; 1.37–1.69; p<0.001), having high body mass index (obese: OR, 1.83; 1.59–2.09; p<0.001) and waist circumference (OR, 1.33; 1.20–1.47; p<0.001), and current drinking (OR, 1.18; 1.07–1.30; p=0.001) or smoking (OR, 1.15; 1.04–1.26; p=0.007) were all significant risk factors for prediabetes.

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Doctor - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Sep 2019

Beta-blockers could reduce mortality risk in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and moderate or moderately-severe renal dysfunction without causing harm, according to the BB-META-HF* trial presented at ESC 2019.

Elvira Manzano, 3 days ago

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in an update of its 2013 recommendations, called on clinicians to offer risk-reducing medications to women who are at increased risk for breast cancer but at low risk for adverse effects.

Pearl Toh, 4 days ago
The use of SGLT-2* inhibitors was not associated with a higher risk of severe or nonsevere urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with DPP**-4 inhibitors or GLP-1*** receptor agonists, a population-based cohort study shows.
14 Sep 2019
In type 2 diabetes patients taking sulfonylureas, hypoglycaemia duration is longer at night and is inversely correlated with the level of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a new study reports.