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22 Nov 2020
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Skipping breakfast before and during early pregnancy ups GDM risk

28 Apr 2020

Women who skip breakfast before and during early pregnancy have a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) than those who have the essential meal daily, suggests a study.

Of the 84,669 pregnant women included in the analysis, 1,935 had GDM. Compared with daily breakfast eaters, women who consumed breakfast 5–6 times/week had a 9-percent higher risk of GDM (multivariable-adjusted odds ratio [aOR], 1.09, 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 0.93–1.27), while those who consumed breakfast 3–4 and 0–2 times/week had a 14-percent (aOR, 1.14, 95 percent CI, 0.96–1.34) and 21-percent (aOR, 1.21, 95 percent CI, 1.05–1.41) increased risk, respectively.

A dose-dependent association was observed (ptrend=0.006). Moreover, prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) significantly modified such association.

“Breakfast consumption <3 times/week before and during early pregnancy, compared with daily consumption, was associated with an increased odds of developing GDM,” the authors said.

During study enrolment from January 2011 to March 2014, the authors registered a total of 103,099 pregnancies, including 97,454 pregnant women from 15 areas across Japan. Eligibility criteria for participants was singleton pregnancy free of GDM, stroke, heart disease, cancer, and type 1 or type 2 diabetes at study enrolment.

A self-administered questionnaire was used to gather data on demographic information, socioeconomic status, self-rated health status, disease, history, lifestyle and dietary habits of each women at study enrolment. A semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire was used for dietary assessment. Finally, the authors estimated the OR of GDM in relation to breakfast consumption using logistic regression.

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Most Read Articles
22 Nov 2020
Mental health comorbidities are common among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and may lead to worse outcomes, a recent study has found.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 13 Nov 2020

Diabetes is a key risk factor for heart failure (HF), which is the leading cause of hospitalization in patients with or without diabetes. SGLT-2* inhibitors (SGLT-2is) have been shown to reduce the risk of hospitalization for HF (HHF) regardless of the presence or absence of diabetes.

4 days ago
Vitamin D deficiency may be a contributing factor to the mortality rate among patients with the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19), reports a new study.
Pearl Toh, 2 days ago
Inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) should be the mainstay of long-term asthma management — such is the key message of the latest Singapore ACE* Clinical Guidance (ACG) for asthma, released in October 2020.