Most Read Articles
Yesterday
No association exists between physical activity and the risk of urological cancer, according to a population-based prospective study in Japan.
6 days ago
Olanzapine confers a modest therapeutic effect on weight compared with placebo in adult outpatients with anorexia nervosa, a study has shown. However, it does not appear to offer significant benefit for psychological symptoms.
2 days ago
Patients with childhood-onset inflammatory bowel disease are more likely to die than the general population, a study suggests.
2 days ago
Reduced caloric intake results in a significant improvement in glucose metabolism and body-fat composition, including liver-fat content, according to a study. Changes in ferritin levels appear to mediate the striking reduction in liver fat.

Secondhand ENDS aerosol exposure linked to asthma symptoms in youth

26 Dec 2018

Secondhand exposure to aerosols from electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) may contribute to asthma exacerbations in young people with asthma, a study has found.

Researchers looked at 11,830 individuals (50.1 percent male) aged 11-17 years with a self-reported diagnosis of asthma who participated in the 2016 Florida Youth Tobacco survey. Between 4 percent and 6 percent of the population reported current cigarette smoking, cigar smoking or hookah use, while almost 12 percent reported current ENDS use. Nearly half were exposed to secondhand smoke, and one-third were exposed to secondhand ENDS aerosols.

Overall, 21 percent of youth with asthma reported having an asthma attack in the past 12 months. Multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed a significant association between secondhand exposure to ENDS aerosols and asthma exacerbations in the past year (adjusted odds ratio, 1.27; 95 percent CI, 1.11–1.47).

Notably, asthma exacerbations were more common among females, those of other ethnicity (vs non-Hispanic white), current cigarette users, and those exposed to secondhand smoke (p<0.05), but less frequent among those aged 14–17 years and Hispanic/non-Hispanic individuals (p<0.05). Additional interaction test results between secondhand ENDS aerosol exposure, secondhand smoke exposure and current tobacco use were not significant (p>0.42)

Given that secondhand exposure to ENDS aerosols may be related to asthma symptoms in youth, researchers pointed out that physicians may need to counsel young people with asthma regarding the potential risks of exposure.

More studies are needed to evaluate the longitudinal relationship between secondhand ENDS aerosol exposure and asthma control.

Digital Edition
Asia's trusted medical magazine for healthcare professionals. Get your MIMS Doctor - Malaysia digital copy today!
Sign In To Download
Editor's Recommendations
Most Read Articles
Yesterday
No association exists between physical activity and the risk of urological cancer, according to a population-based prospective study in Japan.
6 days ago
Olanzapine confers a modest therapeutic effect on weight compared with placebo in adult outpatients with anorexia nervosa, a study has shown. However, it does not appear to offer significant benefit for psychological symptoms.
2 days ago
Patients with childhood-onset inflammatory bowel disease are more likely to die than the general population, a study suggests.
2 days ago
Reduced caloric intake results in a significant improvement in glucose metabolism and body-fat composition, including liver-fat content, according to a study. Changes in ferritin levels appear to mediate the striking reduction in liver fat.