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Pearl Toh, 20 Nov 2019
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SBP variation predicts outcomes in subarachnoid haemorrhage

01 Dec 2019

Variations in systolic blood pressure (SBP) in the first 24 hours after admission appear to be linked to outcomes in patients with acute spontaneous subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH), a recent study has found.

The study included 303 SAH patients (mean age, 57.04±12.53 years; 51.16 percent female) whose BP values were recorded upon admission and every 2 hours thereafter for the first 24 hours. BP variation was defined as the standard deviation (SD) of measurements, the difference between the maximum and minimum values (delta), the coefficient of variation (CV), and the successive variation (SV).

Majority (59.08 percent) of the study sample had favourable outcomes, as determined by the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), earning scores from 4–5. The remaining 40.92 percent scored between 1–3 and were identified to have unfavourable outcomes.

Multivariable logistic regression analysis found that the topmost tertiles of all four SBP variation parameters were significantly predictive of outcome: delta (odds ratio [OR], 4.4, 95 percent confidence intervals [CI], 1.6–11.9; p<0.001), SD (OR, 13.9, 95 percent CI, 4.8–40.8; p<0.001), CV (OR, 16.4, 95 percent CI, 5.6–48.4; p<0.001) and SV (OR, 15.8, 95 percent CI, 5.3–46.9; p<0.001).

The same was true for SBP variation values in the second tertile, though with generally lower magnitudes of effect.

Moreover, maximum (OR, 10.2, 95 percent CI, 2.6–40.4; p=0.001) and mean (OR, 2.8, 95 percent CI, 1.1–6.9; p=0.024) SBP values emerged as significant predictors of the GOS outcome.

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Most Read Articles
Pearl Toh, 20 Nov 2019
The trade-off between the risk of ischaemic vs bleeding events may be different between Asian and non-Asian patients, which warrants careful consideration when deciding on the duration of antiplatelet therapy following a percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), according to a presentation at ESC Asia Congress 2019.
4 days ago
Participating in a long-distance skiing event may help lower the risk of hypertension, with the number of completed races showing a weak association with the risk, a study has found.
06 Sep 2019
Hypertensive adults with lower plasma zinc concentration are at increased risk of haemorrhagic stroke, especially those with higher body mass index or lower plasma copper levels, a study has found.
06 Jan 2020
Target organ damage appears to be more noticeable in patients affected by primary aldosteronism than those affected by arterial hypertension without primary aldosteronism, suggests a study, adding that specific treatment can ease such condition.