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Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Sep 2019

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Regular chili pepper consumption promotes longevity

12 May 2019

Regular consumption of chili pepper is associated with reduced risk of total and cardiovascular (CV) death, according to a study from Italy.

Researchers conducted a longitudinal analysis on 22,811 men and women aged ≥35 years enrolled in the Moli-sani Study cohort to test the hypothesis of an association between chili pepper intake and risk of total and CV mortality.

Intake of chili pepper was estimated using the EPIC food frequency questionnaire and categorized as follows: none/rare, up to 2 times/week, 2–4 and >4 times/week. Cox regression and competing risk models were used in the analysis.

Over a median follow up of 8.2 years, 1,236 deaths occurred, of which 444 were due to CVD. Multivariable estimates showed that compared with the nonrare intake category, regular chili pepper consumption (>4 times/week) yielded a 23-percent reduction in all-cause mortality risk (hazard ratio [HR], 0.77; 95 percent CI, 0.66–0.90) and 34-percent reduction in CV mortality risk (HR, 0.66; 0.50–0.86).

Regular intake also conferred protection against the risks of ischaemic heart disease (HR, 0.55; 0.35–0.87) and cerebrovascular death (HR, 0.39; 0.20–0.76).

Finally, traditional CVD risk factors (eg, blood cholesterol and triglycerides) only marginally accounted for the association between chili pepper intake and total mortality.

Chili pepper, along with other spices, is an integral part of a traditional Mediterranean diet, researchers said. However, the protective association of chili pepper with total and CV death appears to be independent of adherence to the diet.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Sep 2019

Beta-blockers could reduce mortality risk in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and moderate or moderately-severe renal dysfunction without causing harm, according to the BB-META-HF* trial presented at ESC 2019.

Elvira Manzano, 2 days ago

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in an update of its 2013 recommendations, called on clinicians to offer risk-reducing medications to women who are at increased risk for breast cancer but at low risk for adverse effects.

Pearl Toh, 3 days ago
The use of SGLT-2* inhibitors was not associated with a higher risk of severe or nonsevere urinary tract infections (UTIs) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) compared with DPP**-4 inhibitors or GLP-1*** receptor agonists, a population-based cohort study shows.
14 Sep 2019
In type 2 diabetes patients taking sulfonylureas, hypoglycaemia duration is longer at night and is inversely correlated with the level of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), a new study reports.