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PTSD, comorbidity with anxiety prevalent in flood survivors

05 Oct 2017
Mind training is the key to prevent PTSD among emergency responders handling trauma cases

Flood survivors suffer from both post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its comorbidity with anxiety, according to a recent study. Additionally, personality traits and the intensity of the flood appear to influence the extent of the symptoms.

In the cross-sectional study, 325 adults (mean age 57.79 years) who experienced the 1998 Dongting Lake flood were randomly selected and made to accomplish self-report questionnaires on anxiety, PTSD and personality traits, among others. Those with psychiatric disorders before the flood, schizophrenia or mental retardation were excluded.

In the entire cohort, 11 individuals had PTSD only while 10 had anxiety only. The comorbidity of PTSD and anxiety was reported in 20 participants, while the remaining 284 had neither disorder.

The resulting prevalence rates were 9.54 (n=31), 9.23 (n=30) and 6.15 (n=20) percent for PTSD, anxiety and the comorbidity, respectively.

Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that the loss of a relative was significantly associated with PTSD (odds ratio [OR], 11.45; 95 percent CI, 3.23 to 66.44; p=0.003) and comorbidity with anxiety (OR, 9.13; 1.36 to 61.30; p=0.023).

Injury to the body and damage to houses were also significantly associated with PTSD only (OR, 6.39; 1.50 to 27.27; p=0.012 and OR, 8.25; 1.46 to 46.51; p=0.003, respectively) and comorbidity with anxiety (OR, 5.40; 1.76 to 16.57; p=0.03 and OR, 3.34; 1.08 to 10.36; p=0.037, respectively).

Emotional instability was also a significant risk factor for PTSD alone (OR, 9.28; 1.67 to 51.42; p=0.011) and its comorbidity with anxiety (OR, 5.71; 1.61 to 20.30; p=0.007).

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Most Read Articles
12 Jun 2018
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a safe procedure to perform on obese and morbidly obese patients, a recent study has shown.
Roshini Claire Anthony, 11 Jun 2018

Patients who received a combination of ticagrelor plus aspirin within 24 hours of undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) had significantly improved saphenous vein graft patency rates 1 year post-procedure compared with those who only received aspirin, according to findings of the DACAB* trial.

4 days ago
Higher activity of plasma xanthine oxidase appears to be linked to insulin resistance and liver dysfunction among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS), according to a recent Japan study.
4 days ago
Use of quetiapine among critically ill patients rarely leads to corrected QT (QTc) interval prolongation, reports a new study.