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Product Highlight – Dukoral

12 Jul 2017
DUKORAL – Inactivated Vibrio cholerae O1 serogroup & recombinant cholera toxin B subunit (WC/rCTB) vaccine (oral) – AJ Biologics

The Drinkable Vaccine against Cholera & enterotoxigenic E.coli (ETEC) Diarrhoea


Clinically proven protective efficacy:
- Up to 85-90% against cholera in the first 6 months3,4,6
- Up to 67% against ETEC in the first 3 months.5

At least one week interval between doses. Primary immunization can be completed as early as 8 days for adults and children over 6 years old (2 required doses) and 15 days for children 2-6 years (3 required doses).1

Onset of protection starts 7 days after completion of immunisation. The vaccination course should be completed at least one week before traveling.1

Good safety profile with most frequently reported adverse reactions occurred at similar frequencies in vaccine and placebo group in studies.

References:

1. DUKORAL full prescribing information (SV40398_MY).
2. Clements JD, Finkelstein RA. Demonstration of shared and unique immunological determinants in enterotoxins from Vibrio cholerae and Escherichia coli. Infect Immun 1978;22:709–13.
3. World Health Organization. Use of Oral Cholera Vaccine in Humanitarian Emergencies. http://www.who.int/cholera/vaccines/OCV_in_humanitarian_emergencies_15Jan2014.pdf.
4. Clemens JD, Sack DA, Harris RJ et al. Field trial of oral cholera vaccines in Bangladesh. Lancet 1986, 2:124-7.
5. Clemens JD., et al. Cross-protection by B subunit whole-cell cholera vaccine against diarrhoea associated with heat-labile toxin-producing enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli: result of a large-scale field trial. J Infect Dis 1988; 158:372-77.
6.
World Health Organization. Cholera vaccines WHO position paper. Weekly Epidemiologic Record (WER). No 13, 2010, 85, 117-128 http://www.who.int/wer/2010/wer8513.pdf.

Further information is available in section 12b, New in This Issue and mims.com
Full prescribing information is available upon request.

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Most Read Articles
Roshini Claire Anthony, 17 Jul 2019

A combination of tocilizumab and methotrexate reduced disease activity at 2 years compared with methotrexate plus prednisone in patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), an effect not demonstrated with tocilizumab monotherapy.

Pearl Toh, 26 Sep 2019
The Singapore Health Sciences Authority (HSA) has recalled eight brands of ranitidine products containing trace amounts of the nitrosamine impurity NDMA*, which is a potential human carcinogen.
05 Oct 2019
The combination of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir is safe and effective for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing haemodialysis, a study has shown.
Rachel Soon, 24 Apr 2019

With recent recalls of losartan-containing products contaminated by potentially carcinogenic nitrosamines, MIMS speaks to the Malaysian National Pharmaceutical Regulatory Agency (NPRA) for more details.