Pregnancy Problems (Patient Counselling Guide)
16 Dec 2016
Pregnancy brings about physical changes that allow the fetus to develop inside the womb. However, it is also accompanied by a number of possible health-related problems including tiredness, breast soreness, morning sickness, constipation, anemia, backache, leg cramps, frequent urination, urinary infection, hemorrhoids, insomnia, itching, swelling of the feet and ankles (edema) and varicose veins. Hormonal changes contribute to most of these problems e.g. morning sickness, constipation, itchiness (i.e. abdomen, palms, or soles of feet), backache and frequent urination. Likewise, extra pressure brought about by the enlarging womb plays a part in causing not only constipation, frequent urination, and backache but also varicose veins, and swelling of the feet and ankles. Leg cramps is experienced during pregnancy probably due to changes in blood circulation in the legs, and of the extra weight carried. Hemorrhoids may initially appear or become aggravated, resulting from changes in blood circulation. Hemorrhoids may also form blood clots or bleed, and become painful. If bleeding is severe, it may lead to blood loss and anemia, another common problem linked to pregnancy. Also, pregnant women normally experience sleeping problems due to emotional peaks and anxieties. Varicose veins may develop or get worse because hormones cause the walls of blood vessels to relax.
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