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Plant-based diets help fight off diabetes

2 days ago
Most buddha bowls are vegetarian, maybe even vegan, but meat is also allowed.

Incorporating more plant-based options into the diet may help lower the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D), a new China study has found.

Drawing from the Henan Rural Cohort Study, the researchers looked at 37,985 individuals (mean age, 55.67±12.02 years; 23,048 women), whose diets were assessed using a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. An overall plant-based diet index (PDI) was then calculated based on the average daily intake of 12 food groups, including vegetables, fish, poultry, eggs, and beans.

Participants were grouped into quartiles of PDI, and those who earned the highest scores saw a 12-percent drop in the odds of developing T2D (Q4 vs Q1: odds ratio [OR], 0.88, 95 percent confidence interval [CI], 0.79–0.98; p=0.027). T2D was defined as fasting glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L, or self-report of having been diagnosed and/or recent use of insulin or other glucose-lowering drugs.

Odds estimates were calculated using logistic regression analysis and adjusted for covariates, such as age and sex, education level, tobacco and alcohol use, total energy intake, and physical activity.

A more plant-based diet remained protective against T2D even when PDI was taken as a continuous variable. Every 1-standard deviation decrease in PDI corresponded to a significant 4-percent lower risk of T2D (ptrend=0.043).

The principal findings were also robust to various subgroup analyses, such that PDI continued to be a significant inverse correlate of T2D risk in men and among those aged ≥55 years, with body mass index ≥24 kg/m2, with higher physical activity, and nonsmokers.

“[O]ur findings support a shift to a diet that emphasizes plant-based foods to improve health outcomes. Future longitudinal studies and well-designed intervention trials are necessary to further understand the long-term impact of a plant-based diet on T2D risk,” the researchers said.

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Most Read Articles
01 Dec 2020
Tetanus toxoid 5 Lf, diphtheria toxoid 2 Lf, pertussis toxoid 2.5 mcg, filamentous haemagglutinin 5 mcg, fimbriae types 2 and 3 5 mcg, pertactin 3 mcg
Dr. Hsu Li Yang, Dr. Tan Thuan Tong, Dr. Andrea Kwa, 08 Jan 2021
Antimicrobial resistance has become increasingly dire as the rapid emergence of drug resistance, especially gram-negative pathogens, has outpaced the development of new antibiotics. At a recent virtual symposium, Dr Hsu Li Yang, Vice Dean (Global Health) and Programme Leader (Infectious Diseases), NUS Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, presented epidemiological data on multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria (GNB) in Asia, while Dr Tan Thuan Tong, Head and Senior Consultant, Department of Infectious Diseases, Singapore General Hospital (SGH), focused on the role of ceftazidime-avibactam in MDR GNB infections. Dr Andrea Kwa, Assistant Director of Research, Department of Pharmacy, SGH, joined the panel in an interactive fireside chat, to discuss challenges, practical considerations, and solutions in MDR gram-negative infections. This Pfizer-sponsored symposium was chaired by Dr Ng Shin Yi, Head and Senior Consultant of Surgical Intensive Care, SGH.
18 Feb 2021
Treatment with tanezumab appears to relieve pain and improve physical function in patients with hip or knee osteoarthritis (OA), but may lead to dose-dependent increase in joint safety events as compared with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), according to the results of a phase III safety trial.
05 Feb 2021

Primary immunodeficiency disease (PIDD) and allergies are two groups of conditions related to the immune system. However, they are uniquely different in terms of symptoms and treatment.