Most Read Articles
Stephen Padilla, 4 days ago
Diabetic patients in a decompensated state and who develop type 2 myocardial infarction (MI) have an increased risk for mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE), according to a new study. In addition, these patients are potentially at risk for undiagnosed coronary artery disease.
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Physical activity promotes longevity

17 Apr 2018

Higher levels of physical activity may help prolong healthy and chronic disease-free years in both men and women, but more in individuals with low than with high occupational status, a study reports.

The study included 34,379 women (mean age 53.2 years) and 8,381 men (mean age 53.6 years) from the Finnish Public Sector study. Self-reported physical activity levels (inactive to vigorously active) were categorized into three occupational statuses at the first observation point. Partial life expectancy (LE) between ages 50–75 years was defined using two health indicators (average follow-up time, 6.8 years): healthy LE based on self-rated health and chronic disease-free LE based on chronic diseases.

Results showed a clear dose–response relationship between higher physical activity levels and increased healthy and chronic disease-free LE in men and women, and within occupational statuses. Compared with inactive men and women, vigorously active individuals lived 6.3 years longer in good health and 2.9 years longer without chronic diseases between ages 50–75 years.

Of note, the beneficial effect of higher levels of physical activity on healthy LE was most pronounced in individuals with low occupation status (eg, maintenance workers and cleaners).

Researchers pointed out that the present data extend the findings that have shown physical activity to be associated with reduced prevalence of chronic diseases and lowered mortality risk in a dose–response manner.

Doing exercises and reducing sedentary time promote healthy ageing, primarily because physical activity improves endurance and strength, prevents falls, and protects against disability, cognitive decline and dementia among older people. [J Physiother 2012;58:145-156; Ageing Res Rev 2013;12:329-338; BMC Public Health 2014;14:510]

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Most Read Articles
Stephen Padilla, 4 days ago
Diabetic patients in a decompensated state and who develop type 2 myocardial infarction (MI) have an increased risk for mortality and major adverse cardiac events (MACE), according to a new study. In addition, these patients are potentially at risk for undiagnosed coronary artery disease.
6 days ago
Chocolate consumption is not associated with risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke or both combined in postmenopausal women free of pre-existing major chronic disease, a study suggests.
Pearl Toh, 13 Jul 2018
More intensive lowering of LDL-C levels was associated with a progressively greater survival benefit than less intensive approach, when the baseline LDL-C levels were ≥100 mg/dL, reveals a meta-analysis of 34 randomized trials.
6 days ago
Switching from thiazide diuretic to ipragliflozin, a sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, leads to improvements in metabolic parameters and body mass composition without affecting blood pressure in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients, a recent study has found.