Most Read Articles
Stephen Padilla, 04 Sep 2019
Use of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2), as compared with dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4), inhibitors appears to reduce the risk of heart failure and any-cause death without major cardiovascular events in the primary intention-to-treat analysis, according to a study.
Pearl Toh, 04 Sep 2019
More intensive LDL-lowering by adding ezetimibe to simvastatin in elderly individuals aged ≥75 years significantly reduced recurrent cardiovascular (CV) events without raising safety issues compared with simvastatin alone, a secondary analysis of the IMPROVE-IT* has shown.
27 Aug 2019
A once-weekly regimen of 25 mg trelagliptin is effective and safe for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease, reports a new study.
Elvira Manzano, 4 days ago

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in an update of its 2013 recommendations, called on clinicians to offer risk-reducing medications to women who are at increased risk for breast cancer but at low risk for adverse effects.

Pantoprazole does not reduce upper gastrointestinal bleeding during anticoagulation treatment

07 Aug 2019

Proton pump inhibitor therapy, particularly with pantoprazole, does not reduce upper gastrointestinal bleeding events in patients taking low-dose anticoagulation/aspirin treatment, reports a recent study.

Researchers randomly assigned 17,598 patients with stable cardiovascular and peripheral artery disease to receive either daily 40-mg pantoprazole (n=8,791; mean age, 67.6±8.1 years; 22 percent female) or placebo (n=8,807; mean age, 67.7±8.1 years; 21 percent female). Participants were also given rivaroxaban 2.5 mg twice daily with 100-mg aspirin once daily, rivaroxaban 5 mg twice daily or aspirin 100 mg alone.

The primary efficacy outcome of clinically significant events in the upper gastrointestinal tract occurred in 1.2 percent (n=102) of the pantoprazole arm and in 1.3 percent (n=116) of the placebo group. The difference did not reach significance (hazard ratio [HR], 0.88, 95 percent CI, 0.67–1.15).

Further analysis according to the components of upper gastrointestinal bleeding showed that both treatment arms were comparable in terms of overt or occult bleeding events. However, the likelihood of gastroduodenal bleeding was significantly attenuated in patients who were given pantoprazole (HR, 0.52, 0.28–0.94; p=0.03).

In a subsequent posthoc analysis where the definition of bleeding events was broadened, pantoprazole use remained significantly associated with a lower risk of bleeding of gastroduodenal lesions (HR, 0.45, 0.27–0.74). Pantoprazole also exerted a significant protective effect against peptic ulcer (HR, 0.46, 0.25–0.83) and erosions (HR, 0.13–0.84).

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Most Read Articles
Stephen Padilla, 04 Sep 2019
Use of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2), as compared with dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4), inhibitors appears to reduce the risk of heart failure and any-cause death without major cardiovascular events in the primary intention-to-treat analysis, according to a study.
Pearl Toh, 04 Sep 2019
More intensive LDL-lowering by adding ezetimibe to simvastatin in elderly individuals aged ≥75 years significantly reduced recurrent cardiovascular (CV) events without raising safety issues compared with simvastatin alone, a secondary analysis of the IMPROVE-IT* has shown.
27 Aug 2019
A once-weekly regimen of 25 mg trelagliptin is effective and safe for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with severe renal impairment or end-stage renal disease, reports a new study.
Elvira Manzano, 4 days ago

The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), in an update of its 2013 recommendations, called on clinicians to offer risk-reducing medications to women who are at increased risk for breast cancer but at low risk for adverse effects.